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Item Title:

"This is My Lucky Day" Coin Medal Four Leaf Clover Good Luck Casino La

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Qty: 1 Current Time: 19 Oct 17 08:11:34
Offered By: rlhydra (0|2) 
Time & Date displayed is for United States - EDT
Start Price: £5.99   ($7.95) (no reserve)Learn More about Reserves & Starting Prices Auction Length: Learn more about Instant Buy
Scheduled Close Date: 04 Aug 2016 16:26:28Learn More about closing times
Actual Close Date: 11 Jul 2016 15:16:26
Postage: FREE Bids Received: 0
Item Location : Salford
Seller Location: United Kingdom
Sell to: Worldwide
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Item Specifics
Model :World
Lot #  18504385

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Item Description     Click to enlarge image + Click to enlarge
"This is My Lucky Day"
Lucky Coin

This is a 20mm gold lustre coin with the words "This is my Lucky Day" and Two Four Leaf Clovers on one side and a Star & a Horseshoe on the other

Sure to Bring Luck to Anyone

Give it as a Birthday Present or Someone about to take an Exam or Driving Test

Or Just Keep it yourself and buy a lottery ticket and who knows what will happen next ... It could be you !!!

It is in Excellent Condition

Starting at one Penny...With No Reserve..If your the only bidder you win it for 1p....Grab a Bargain!!!!

I will have a lot of Coins on Ebay so please CLICK HERE TO VISIT MY SHOP

Bid with Confidence - Check My 100% Positive Feedback from over 2,500 Satisfied Customers
I have over 4 years of Ebay Selling Experience - So Why Not Treat Yourself?

I have got married recently and need to raise funds to meet the costs also we are planning to buy our first house together

I always combined postage on multiple items so why not >  Check out my other items!

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 All Payment Methods in All Major Currencies Accepted. All Items Sent out within 24 hours of Receiving Payment. 

For that Interesting Conversational Piece, A Birthday Present, Christmas Gift, A Comical Item to Cheer Someone Up or That Unique Perfect Gift for the Person Who has Everything....You Know Where to Look for a Bargain!

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The Countries I Send to Include Afghanistan * Albania * Algeria * American Samoa (US) * Andorra * Angola * Anguilla (GB) * Antigua and Barbuda * Argentina * Armenia * Aruba (NL) * Australia * Austria * Azerbaijan * Bahamas * Bahrain * Bangladesh * Barbados * Belarus * Belgium * Belize * Benin * Bermuda (GB) * Bhutan * Bolivia * Bonaire (NL)  * Bosnia and Herzegovina * Botswana * Bouvet Island (NO) * Brazil * British Indian Ocean Territory (GB) * British Virgin Islands (GB) * Brunei * Bulgaria * Burkina Faso * Burundi * Cambodia * Cameroon * Canada * Cape Verde * Cayman Islands (GB) * Central African Republic * Chad * Chile * China * Christmas Island (AU) * Cocos Islands (AU) * Colombia * Comoros * Congo * Democratic Republic of the Congo * Cook Islands (NZ) * Coral Sea Islands Territory (AU) * Costa Rica * Croatia * Cuba * Curaçao (NL)  * Cyprus * Czech Republic * Denmark * Djibouti * Dominica * Dominican Republic * East Timor * Ecuador * Egypt * El Salvador * Equatorial Guinea * Eritrea * Estonia * Ethiopia * Falkland Islands (GB) * Faroe Islands (DK) * Fiji Islands * Finland * France * French Guiana (FR) * French Polynesia (FR) * French Southern Lands (FR) * Gabon * Gambia * Georgia * Germany * Ghana * Gibraltar (GB) * Greece * Greenland (DK) * Grenada * Guadeloupe (FR) * Guam (US) * Guatemala * Guernsey (GB) * Guinea * Guinea-Bissau * Guyana * Haiti * Heard and McDonald Islands (AU) * Honduras * Hong Kong (CN) * Hungary * Iceland * India * Indonesia * Iran * Iraq * Ireland * Isle of Man (GB) * Israel * Italy * Ivory Coast * Jamaica * Jan Mayen (NO) * Japan * Jersey (GB) * Jordan * Kazakhstan * Kenya * Kiribati * Kosovo * Kuwait * Kyrgyzstan * Laos * Latvia * Lebanon * Lesotho * Liberia * Libya * Liechtenstein * Lithuania * Luxembourg * Macau (CN) * Macedonia * Madagascar * Malawi * Malaysia * Maldives * Mali * Malta * Marshall Islands * Martinique (FR) * Mauritania * Mauritius * Mayotte (FR) * Mexico * Micronesia * Moldova * Monaco * Mongolia * Montenegro * Montserrat (GB) * Morocco * Mozambique * Myanmar * Namibia * Nauru * Navassa (US) * Nepal * Netherlands * New Caledonia (FR) * New Zealand * Nicaragua * Niger * Nigeria * Niue (NZ) * Norfolk Island (AU) * North Korea * Northern Cyprus * Northern Mariana Islands (US) * Norway * Oman * Pakistan * Palau * Palestinian Authority * Panama * Papua New Guinea * Paraguay * Peru * Philippines * Pitcairn Island (GB) * Poland * Portugal * Puerto Rico (US) * Qatar * Reunion (FR) * Romania * Russia * Rwanda * Saba (NL)  * Saint Barthelemy (FR) * Saint Helena (GB) * Saint Kitts and Nevis * Saint Lucia * Saint Martin (FR) * Saint Pierre and Miquelon (FR) * Saint Vincent and the Grenadines * Samoa * San Marino * Sao Tome and Principe * Saudi Arabia * Senegal * Serbia * Seychelles * Sierra Leone * Singapore * Sint Eustatius (NL)  * Sint Maarten (NL)  * Slovakia * Slovenia * Solomon Islands * Somalia * South Africa * South Georgia (GB) * South Korea * South Sudan * Spain * Sri Lanka * Sudan * Suriname * Svalbard (NO) * Swaziland * Sweden * Switzerland * Syria * Taiwan * Tajikistan * Tanzania * Thailand * Togo * Tokelau (NZ) * Tonga * Trinidad and Tobago * Tunisia * Turkey * Turkmenistan * Turks and Caicos Islands (GB) * Tuvalu * U.S. Minor Pacific Islands (US) * U.S. Virgin Islands (US) * Uganda * Ukraine * United Arab Emirates * United Kingdom * United States * Uruguay * Uzbekistan * Vanuatu * Vatican City * Venezuela * Vietnam * Wallis and Futuna (FR) * Yemen * Zambia * Zimbabwe

The horse (Equus ferus caballus)[2][3] is one of two extant subspecies of Equus ferus, or the wild horse. It is a single-hooved (ungulate) mammal belonging to the taxonomic family Equidae. The horse has evolved over the past 45 to 55 million years from a small multi-toed creature into the large, single-toed animal of today. Humans began to domesticate horses around 4000 BC, and their domestication is believed to have been widespread by 3000 BC. Horses in the subspecies caballus are domesticated, although some domesticated populations live in the wild as feral horses. These feral populations are not true wild horses, as this term is used to describe horses that have never been domesticated, such as the endangered Przewalski's Horse, a separate subspecies, and the only remaining true wild horse. There is an extensive, specialized vocabulary used to describe equine-related concepts, covering everything from anatomy to life stages, size, colors, markings, breeds, locomotion, and behavior.
Horses' anatomy enables them to make use of speed to escape predators and they have a well-developed sense of balance and a strong fight-or-flight instinct. Related to this need to flee from predators in the wild is an unusual trait: horses are able to sleep both standing up and lying down. Female horses, called mares, carry their young for approximately 11 months, and a young horse, called a foal, can stand and run shortly following birth. Most domesticated horses begin training under saddle or in harness between the ages of two and four. They reach full adult development by age five, and have an average lifespan of between 25 and 30 years.
Horse breeds are loosely divided into three categories based on general temperament: spirited "hot bloods" with speed and endurance; "cold bloods", such as draft horses and some ponies, suitable for slow, heavy work; and "warmbloods", developed from crosses between hot bloods and cold bloods, often focusing on creating breeds for specific riding purposes, particularly in Europe. There are over 300 breeds of horses in the world today, developed for many different uses.
Horses and humans interact in a wide variety of sport competitions and non-competitive recreational pursuits, as well as in working activities such as police work, agriculture, entertainment, and therapy. Horses were historically used in warfare, from which a wide variety of riding and driving techniques developed, using many different styles of equipment and methods of control. Many products are derived from horses, including meat, milk, hide, hair, bone, and pharmaceuticals extracted from the urine of pregnant mares. Humans provide domesticated horses with food, water and shelter, as well as attention from specialists such as veterinarians and farriers.

The Thoroughbred is a horse breed best known for its use in horse racing. Although the word thoroughbred is sometimes used to refer to any breed of purebred horse, it technically refers only to the Thoroughbred breed. Thoroughbreds are considered "hot-blooded" horses, known for their agility, speed and spirit.
The Thoroughbred as it is known today was developed in 17th and 18th-century England, when native mares were crossbred with imported Oriental stallions of Arabian, Barb, and Turkoman breeding. All modern Thoroughbreds can trace their pedigrees to three stallions originally imported into England in the 17th century and 18th century, and to a larger number of foundation mares of mostly English breeding. During the 18th and 19th centuries, the Thoroughbred breed spread throughout the world; they were imported into North America starting in 1730 and into Australia, Europe, Japan and South America during the 19th century. Millions of Thoroughbreds exist today, and more than 118,000 foals are registered each year worldwide.
Thoroughbreds are used mainly for racing, but are also bred for other riding disciplines such as show jumping, combined training, dressage, polo, and fox hunting. They are also commonly crossbred to create new breeds or to improve existing ones, and have been influential in the creation of the Quarter Horse, Standardbred, Anglo-Arabian, and various warmblood breeds.
Thoroughbred racehorses perform with maximum exertion, which has resulted in high accident rates and health problems such as bleeding from the lungs, low fertility, abnormally small hearts and a small hoof to body mass ratio. There are several theories for the reasons behind the prevalence of accidents and health problems in the Thoroughbred breed, and research continues.

Horse breeds

Abaco Barb, see Barb horse
Abyssinian horse
Albanian horse
Altai horse
Altèr Real, see Lusitano
American Cream Draft
American Indian Horse
American Paint Horse
American Quarter Horse
American Saddlebred
American Warmblood
Andalusian horse some bloodlines also called Pura Raza Española (PRE) or Pure Spanish-bred
Andravida horse
Anglo-Arabo-Sardo, see Sardinian Anglo-Arab
"Appendix," see American Quarter Horse
AraAppaloosa, also called Ara-Appaloosa, Arappaloosa or Araloosa
Arabian horse
Ardennes horse, or Ardennais
Argentine Criollo, see Criollo horse
Australian Brumby, see Brumby
Australian Draught Horse
Australian Stock Horse
Austrian Warmblood
Auvergne horse
Avelignese, see Haflinger
Azerbaijan horse
Azteca horse
Baise horse, also known as Guangxi
Balearic horse, see Mallorquín and Menorquín
Balikun horse
Baluchi horse
Banker Horse
Barb horse
Bashkir Curly, see Curly horse
Basque Mountain Horse
Bavarian Warmblood
Belgian (horse)
Belgian Warmblood (includes Belgian Half-blood)
Black Forest Horse, also called Black Forest cold blood or Schwarzwälder Kaltblut
Blazer horse
Boulonnais horse
Brabant, see Belgian (horse)
Brazilian Sport Horse (Brasileiro de Hipismo)
Breton horse, or Trait Breton
Budyonny horse or Budenny
Burguete horse
Byelorussian Harness
Calabrese horse
Camargue horse
Camarillo White Horse
Canadian horse
Canadian Pacer
Carolina Marsh Tacky
Carthusian horse, see Andalusian horse
Caspian horse
Castilian horse
Catria horse
Cavallo Romano della Maremma Laziale
Chickasaw Horse, see Florida Cracker Horse
Chilean Corralero
Chilean Horse
Choctaw Horse
Cleveland Bay
Clydesdale horse
Colonial Spanish Horse, see Types of Horse, below
Colorado Ranger
Coldblood trotter
Comtois horse
Costa Rican Saddle Horse
Cretan horse, see Messara
Criollo horse, also spelled Crioulo
Cuban Criollo horse
Curly Horse
Czech warm blood
Daliboz, see Azerbaijan horse
Danish Warmblood
Danube Delta horse
Dole Gudbrandsdal, also called Dole,
or Dølahest
Don, see Russian Don
Draft Trotter, also called Light Dole, Dole Trotter, see Coldblood trotter
Dutch harness horse
Dutch Heavy Draft
Dutch Warmblood
East Bulgarian
East Friesian horse, see Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
Estonian Draft
Estonian horse
Faroese or Faroe horse, see Faroe pony in pony section
Finnhorse, or Finnish Horse
Fleuve, see Fouta
Fjord horse also called Norwegian Fjord Horse
Florida Cracker Horse
Fouta or Foutanké
Frederiksborg horse
French Trotter
Friesian cross (includes Friesian Sport Horses)
Friesian horse
Friesian Sporthorse (a type of Friesian cross)
Furioso-North Star
Galiceno or Galiceño
Galician Pony (Caballo de pura raza Gallega)
Gelderland horse
Georgian Grande Horse
German Warmblood or ZfDP, see Types section, below
Giara Horse
Groningen Horse
Gypsy Vanner horse, sometimes called "Gypsy Horse," "Vanner Horse," "Gypsy Cob" or "Coloured Cob"
Hackney horse
Hanoverian horse
Heck horse
Heihe horse
Hispano-Árabe also known as Hispano or Spanish Anglo-Arab
Holsteiner horse
Hungarian Warmblood
Icelandic horse
Indian Half-Bred
Irish Draught, also spelled Irish Draft
Irish Sport Horse sometimes called Irish Hunter
Italian Heavy Draft
Italian Trotter
Jaca Navarra
Jutland horse
Kabarda horse, also known as Kabardian or Kabardin
Kaimanawa horses
Karabakh horse also known as Azer At
Karossier see Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
Kazakh Horse
Kentucky Mountain Saddle Horse
Kiger Mustang
Kinsky horse
Kisber Felver

Latvian horse
Lipizzan or Lipizzaner
Lithuanian Heavy Draught
Losino horse
Lyngshest, see Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
M'Bayar, see Fouta
Mangalarga Marchador
Marismeño horse
Marsh Tacky, see Carolina Marsh Tacky
Marwari horse
Mérens horse
Mezohegyesi sport-horse (sportló), or
Mezohegyes felver, see Hungarian Warmblood
Metis Trotter, see Russian Trotter
Miniature horse
Misaki, see pony section
Missouri Fox Trotter
Mongolian Horse
Morgan horse
Moyle horse
Murakoz horse, Muräkozi, or Muraközi ló (Hungary)
Mustang horse
Namib Desert Horse
Nangchen horse
National Show Horse
Nez Perce Horse
Nokota horse
Noma, see Noma pony, in Pony section
Nonius horse
Nordlandshest/ Lyngshest
Noriker horse, also called Pinzgauer
Norman Cob
Norsk Kaldblodstraver (Norwegian coldblood trotter), see Coldblood trotter
North Swedish Horse
Norwegian Fjord, see Fjord horse
Oberlander Horse
Oldenburg horse, also spelled Oldenburgh, Oldenburger
Orlov trotter
Ostfriesen and Alt-Oldenburger
Paint, see American Paint Horse
Pampa horse
Paso Fino
Pentro horse
Persano horse
Peruvian Paso, sometimes called Peruvian Stepping Horse
Pleven horse
Poitevin horse also called Mulassier
Pottok, see pony section
Pryor Mountain Mustang
Przewalski's Horse, also known as Takhi, Mongolian Wild Horse or Asian Wild Horse. (Species, not a "breed" but listed here for convenience)
Purosangue Orientale
Quarter Horse, see American Quarter Horse
Racking horse
Retuerta horse
Rhenish-German Cold-Blood also known as Rhineland
Heavy Draft
Rhinelander horse
Riwoche horse
Rocky Mountain Horse
Romanian Sporthorse
Rottaler, see Heavy warmblood
Russian Don
Russian Heavy Draft
Russian Trotter
Saddlebred, see American Saddlebred
Salerno horse
Samolaco horse
San Fratello horse
Sarcidano horse
Sardinian Anglo-Arab, also known as Sardinian Horse
Sella Italiano
Selle Français
Shagya Arabian
Shire horse
Siciliano indigeno
Silesian horse
Sokolsky horse
Soviet Heavy Draft
Spanish Jennet Horse, modern, not to be confused with the historic Jennet or Spanish Jennet (see Archaic types, below)
Spanish Mustang
Spanish-Norman horse
Spanish Tarpan, see Sorraia
Spotted Saddle horse
Standardbred horse
Suffolk Punch
Svensk Kallblodstravare (Swedish coldblood trotter), see Coldblood trotter
Swedish Ardennes
Swedish Warmblood
Swiss Warmblood
Tchernomor, see Budyonny horse
Tennessee Walking Horse
Tersk horse
Tinker horse, see Gypsy Vanner horse
Tiger Horse
Tori horse
Trait Du Nord
Tuigpaard, see Dutch harness horse
Ukrainian Riding Horse
Unmol Horse
Ventasso horse (Cavallo Del Ventasso)
Virginia highlander
Vladimir Heavy Draft
Vyatka, see pony section
Waler horse, also known as Waler or Australian
Warmblood, see "Types of horse" below, or
individual warmblood breed articles
Welsh Cob (Section D), see Welsh pony
Westphalian horse
Württemberger or Württemberg
Xilingol horse
Yakutian horse
Yili horse
Yonaguni horse
Žemaitukas, also known as Zemaituka, Zhumd,
Zhemaichu, or Zhmudk, see Pony section.
Pony breeds

Main article: Pony
Ponies are usually classified as members of Equus caballus that mature at less than 14.2 hands. However, some pony breeds may occasionally have individuals who mature over 14.2 but retain all other breed characteristics. There are also some breeds that now frequently mature over 14.2 hands due to modern nutrition and management, yet retain the historic classification "pony." For the purposes of this list, if a breed registry classifies the breed as a "pony," it is listed here as such, even if some individuals have horse characteristics.
(Please note: Because of this designation by the preference of a given breed registry, most miniature horse breeds are listed as "horses," not ponies)
American Shetland, see Shetland pony
American Walking Pony
Anadolu pony also called Anadolu Ati
Ariegeois Pony see Mérens horse in horse section
Assateague Pony, see Chincoteague Pony
Asturian pony, see Asturcon in horse section
Australian Pony
Australian Riding Pony
Bali Pony
Bashkir Pony
Basque Pony, see Pottok
Basuto pony, also spelled Basotho pony
Batak Pony
Bhutia Pony, also Bhotia, Bhote ghoda, Bhutan, Bhutani, Bhutua see Indian Country Bred
Boer Pony
Bosnian Pony
British Riding Pony, see Riding Pony in "types of horse" section
British Spotted Pony
Burmese Pony
Carpathian Pony, see Hucul Pony
Canadian rustic pony
Caspian pony, see Caspian horse
Chincoteague Pony
Chinese Guoxia
Coffin Bay Pony
Connemara pony
Czechoslovakian Small Riding Pony
Dales Pony
Danish Sport Pony
Dartmoor pony
Deli pony
Deutsches Reitpony see German Riding Pony
Dülmen Pony
Eriskay pony
Esperia Pony
Exmoor pony
Falabella, see Falabella in horse section
Faroe pony
Fell Pony
Flores pony, see Timor Pony
French Saddle Pony
Galician Pony
German Riding Pony, also called Deutsche Reitpony
or Weser-Ems Pony
Gotland Pony
Guizhou pony
Guangxi, see Baise horse
Guo-xìa pony, see Chinese Guoxia
Hackney pony
Highland Pony, see also Garron
Hokkaido Pony
Hucul Pony
Hunter Pony, see "types of horse" section
Icelandic pony, see Icelandic horse in horse section
Indian Country Bred
Java Pony
Kerry bog pony
Landais Pony
Lijiang pony
Lundy Pony
Manipuri Pony
Merens Pony, see Ariegeois pony
Miniature horse, see horse section
Miyako Pony
Narym Pony
New Forest Pony
Newfoundland pony
Noma pony
Nooitgedacht pony
Northlands Pony, see Nordlandshest in the horse section
Ob pony also called Priob pony
Peneia Pony
Petiso Argentino
Pindos Pony
Poney Mousseye
Pony of the Americas
Quarter pony
Riding Pony, see "types of
horses" section
Sable Island Pony
Sandalwood Pony
Sardinian Pony, see Sardinian horse
Shetland pony
Skogsruss, see Gotland Pony
Skyros Pony
Spiti Pony, see Indian Country Bred
Sumba and Sumbawa Pony
Tibetan Pony
Timor Pony
Tokara Pony
Virginia highlander, see horse section
Vyatka horse
Welsh pony
Welsh mountain pony (Section A), see
Welsh Pony
Welsh pony (Section B), see Welsh Pony
Welsh pony of cob type (Section C),
see Welsh Pony
Western Sudan pony
Yakut Pony, see Yakutian horse
Yonaguni, see horse section
Zaniskari pony
Žemaitukas, also known as Zemaituka,
Zhumd, Zhemaichu, or Zhmudka

Basic coat colors

Bay (left) and chestnut (right) mustangs.
Genetically, all horses start out as either chestnut, called "red" by geneticists, represented by the absence of the extension gene ("e"); or black based on the presence of the extension gene ("E"). Therefore, red ("ee") and black ("EE" or "Ee") are the two base colors. The Bay color is expressed when the common genetic modifier, the Agouti gene works on the Black. The vast range of all other coat colors are created by additional genes action upon one of these three coat colors.
Statistically, the most commonly seen horse color phenotypes are identified by the following terms:
Bay: Body color ranges from a light reddish-brown to very dark brown with "black points." (Points refer to the mane, tail, and lower legs). The main color variations are:
Dark bay: very dark red or brown hair, difficult to distinguish from seal brown. Sometimes also called "black bay," "mahogany bay," or "brown."
Blood bay: bright red hair; often considered simply "bay."
Brown: The word "brown" is used by some breed registries to describe dark bays. There is a distinct allele that darkens a bay coat to seal brown (At), but it is not the cause of all forms of dark bay. Informally, "brown" is applied to many distinct coat colors. Most often, horses described by casual observers as "brown" are actually bay or chestnut. In the absence of DNA testing, chestnut and bay can be distinguished from each other by looking at the mane, tail and legs for the presence of black points.
Chestnut: A reddish body color with no black. Mane and tail are the same shade or lighter than the body coat. The main color variations are:
Liver chestnut: very dark brown coat. Sometimes a liver chestnut is also simply called "brown."
Sorrel: Reddish-tan to red coat, about the color of a new penny. The most common shade of chestnut.
Blond or light chestnut: seldom-used term for lighter tan coat with pale mane and tail that is not quite a dun.

A dapple gray
Gray: A horse with black skin but white or mixed dark and white hairs. Gray horses can be born any color, and lighten as they age. Most will eventually gray out to either a complete white or a "fleabitten" hair coat. Most "white" horses are actually grays with a fully white hair coat. A gray horse is distinguished from a white horse by dark skin, particularly noticeable around the eyes, muzzle, flanks, and other areas of thin or no hair. Variations of gray that a horse may exhibit over its lifetime include:
Salt and Pepper or "steel" gray: Usually a younger horse, an animal with white and dark hairs evenly intermixed over most of the body.
Dapple gray: a dark-colored horse with lighter rings of graying hairs, called dapples, scattered throughout.
Fleabitten gray: an otherwise fully white-haired horse that develops red hairs flecked throughout the coat.
Rose gray: a gray horse with a reddish or pinkish tinge to its coat. This color occurs with a horse born bay or chestnut while the young horse is "graying out."
[edit]Other coat colors

A black horse
Black: Black is relatively uncommon, though not "rare." There are two types of black, fading black and non-fading black. Most black horses will fade to a brownish color if the horse is exposed to sunlight on a regular basis. Non-fading black is a blue-black shade that does not fade in the sun. Genetically, the two cannot yet be differentiated, and some claim the difference occurs due to management rather than genetics, though this claim is hotly disputed. Most black foals are usually born a mousy grey or dun color. As their foal coat begins to shed out, their black color will show through, though in some breeds black foals are born jet black. For a horse to be considered black, it must be completely black except for white markings. A sun-bleached black horse is still black, even though it may appear to be a dark bay or brown. A visible difference between a true black and a dark chestnut or bay is seen in the fine hairs around the eyes and muzzle; on a true black these hairs are black, even if the horse is sun-bleached, on other colors, they will be lighter.
Brindle - One of the rarest colors in horses, possibly linked to chimerism. Characteristics are any color with "zebra-like" stripes, but most common is a brown horse with faint yellowish markings.

A buckskin
Buckskin- A bay horse with one copy of the cream gene, a dilution gene that 'dilutes' or fades the coat color to a yellow, cream, or gold while keeping the black points (mane, tail, legs).
Champagne: Produced by a different dilution gene than the cream gene. It lightens both skin and hair, but creates a metallic gold coat color with mottled skin and light colored eyes. Champagne horses are often confused with palomino, cremello, dun, or buckskins.
Cream dilution, an incomplete dominant gene that produces a partially diluted coat color with one copy of the allele and a full dilution with two copies. Colors produced include Palomino, Buckskin, Perlino, Cremello and Smoky Cream or Smoky black.
Cremello - A horse with a chestnut base coat and two cream genes that wash out almost all color until the horse is a pale cream or light tan color. Often called "white," they are not truly white horses, and they do not carry the white (W) gene. A cremello usually has blue eyes.
Dun: Yellowish or tan coat with primitive markings, sometimes called "dun factors:" a darker-colored mane and tail, a dorsal stripe along the back and occasionally faint horizontal zebra stripings on the upper legs and a possible transverse stripe across the withers. There are several variations of dun:
Grullo, Grulla, or Blue Dun: A horse with a black base color and the dun gene. Coat is solid "mouse-colored" gray or silver with black or dark gray primitive markings.
Red dun: A chestnut base coat with dun factors. Coat is usually pale yellow or tan with chestnut (red) primitive markings.
"Bay dun" or "Zebra dun" are terms sometimes used to describe the classic dun color of yellow or tan with black primitive markings, used when necessary to distinguish it from red duns or grullos.
"Buckskin dun" or "Yellow dun" describes a dun that also carries the cream gene dilution and has a coat of pale gold with black mane, tail, legs and primitive markings.

Leopard: There are a group of coat patterns caused by the leopard gene complex. It should be noted that not every horse with leopard genetics will exhibit hair coat spotting. However, even solid individuals will exhibit secondary characteristics such as vertically striped hooves, mottled skin around the eyes, lips, and genitalia, plus a white sclera of the eye. Several breeds of horse can boast leopard-spotted (a term used collectively for all patterns) individuals including the Knabstrupper, Noriker, and the Appaloosa. There are several distinct leopard patterns:
blanket: white over the hip that may extend from the tail to the base of the neck. The spots inside the blanket (if present) are the same color as the horse's base coat.
varnish roan: a mix of body and white hairs that extends over the entire body—no relation to true roan
snowflake: white spots on a dark body. Typically the white spots increase in number and size as the horse ages.
leopard: dark spots of varying sizes over a white body.
few spot leopard: a nearly white horse from birth that retains color just above the hooves, the knees, 'armpits', mane and tail, wind pipe, and face
frost: similar to varnish but the white hairs are limited to the back, loins, and neck.

A palomino
Palomino: chestnut horse that has one cream dilution gene that turns the horse to a golden, yellow, or tan shade with a flaxen or white mane and tail. Often cited as being a color "within three shades of a newly minted gold coin," palominos range in shades from extremely light, almost cremello, to deep chocolate, but always with a white or flaxen mane and tail.
Pearl: Also called the "barlink factor," A dilution gene that when homozygous, lightens red coats to a uniform apricot-like color, often also resulting in horses with blue eyes. When combined with cream dilution, may produce horses that appear to be cremello or perlino.
Perlino: similar to a cremello, but is genetically a bay base coat with two dilute genes. Eyes are blue. Mane, tail and points are not black, but are usually darker than the body coat, generally a reddish or rust color, not to be confused with a red dun.
Pinto: a multi-colored horse with large patches of brown, white, and/or black and white. Variations include:
Piebald: a black and white spotting pattern (term more commonly used in the UK than the USA)
Skewbald: a spotting pattern of white and any other color other than black, or a spotting pattern of white and two other colors, which may include black. (term more commonly used in the UK than the USA).
Overo: Describes a group of spotting patterns genetically distinct from one another, characterized by sharp, irregular markings with a horizontal orientation, usually more dark than white. In some cases, the face is usually white, often with blue eyes. The white rarely crosses the back, and the lower legs are normally dark. Variations include "Frame Overo" and "Splashed white." Sometimes Sabino below is also classified in the overo family.
Sabino: Often confused with roan or rabicano, a slight spotting pattern characterized by high white on legs, belly spots, white markings on the face extending past the eyes and/or patches of roaning patterns standing alone or on the edges of white markings
Tobiano: Spotting pattern characterized by rounded markings with white legs and white across the back between the withers and the dock of the tail, usually arranged in a roughly vertical pattern and more white than dark, with the head usually dark and with markings like that of a normal horse. i.e. star, snip, strip, or blaze.
Tovero: spotting pattern that is a mix of tobiano and overo coloration, such as blue eyes on a dark head. May also refer to horses with Tobiano coloring that carry a recessive overo gene.
Paint: pinto horses with known Quarter Horse and/or Thoroughbred bloodlines. This is a separate breed of horse.

Left to right: A young gray (with few white hairs), a chestnut, and a bay roan
Rabicano: A roan-like effect that is caused by a genetic modifier that creates a mealy, splotchy, or roaning pattern on only part of the body, usually limited to the underside, flanks, legs, and tail head areas. Unlike a true roan, much of the body will not have white hairs intermingled with solid ones, nor are the legs or head significantly darker than the rest of the horse.
Roan: a color pattern that causes white hairs to be evenly intermixed within the horse's body color. Roans are distinguishable from greys because roans typically do not change color in their lifetimes, unlike gray that gradually gets lighter as a horse ages. Roans also have heads that are either solid-colored or much darker than their body hair, and do not lighten. Variations of roan include:
Red Roan: A chestnut base coat with roaning pattern with the mane and tail being the same red as the body. Red roans are also commonly referred to as a Strawberry Roan, and the term Red Roan is occasionally is used to describe a Bay Roan.[1]
Bay Roan: A Bay base coat with roaning pattern (the mane and tail of the Bay Roan will be Black). Bay roans are sometimes also called Red Roans.[1]
Blue Roan: A black with roaning pattern, not to be confused with a gray or a blue dun/grullo. A roan tends to have a darker head, while grays not only lighten with age, but their heads tend to lighten before the rest of their bodies. A blue roan has mixed-color hairs, a blue dun will usually be a solid color and have dun striping.

Silver dapple horses
Silver dapple: Caused by a dilution gene that only acts upon black hair pigment, it lightens black body hair to a chocolate brown and the mane and tail to silver. The gene may be carried but will not be visible on horses with a red base coat. Silver dapple horses may also be called Chocolate, Flax, or Taffy.
Smoky black: Horse visually appears to be either a black with a mildly bleached-out coat or a dull dark bay, but is actually has a black base coat and one copy of the cream gene.
Smoky Cream: Virtually indistinguishable from a cremello or perlino without DNA testing, a horse with a black base coat and two copies of the cream gene.
White : One of the rarest colors, a white horse has white hair and fully or largely unpigmented (pink) skin. These horses are born white, with blue or brown eyes, and remain white for life. The vast majority of so-called "white" horses are actually grays with a fully white hair coat. A truly white horse that lives to adulthood occurs one of two ways: either by inheriting one copy of a dominant white ("W") gene, of which several have been identified, or is a particular type of sabino that is homozygous for the "SB-1" gene. However, a foal with the genetic disease known as Lethal white syndrome dies shortly after birth.[2] There are no "albinos" in the horse world. Albino, defined as animals with a white coat with pink skin and reddish eyes, is created by genetic mechanisms that do not exist in horses.[3] In some cases, homozygous dominant white is thought to be an embryonic lethal, though this has not been established for all white horses.

List of British National Hunt races

A list of notable National Hunt horse races which take place annually in Great Britain, under the authority of the British Horseracing Authority, including all races which currently hold Grade 1, 2 or 3 status.

November Betfair Chase Chase Haydock  3m 5yo +
November Fighting Fifth Hurdle Hurdle Newcastle  2m 4yo +
December Tingle Creek Chase Chase Sandown  2m 4yo +
December Long Walk Hurdle Hurdle Ascot  3m 1f 4yo +
December Christmas Hurdle Hurdle Kempton  2m 4yo +
December King George VI Chase Chase Kempton  3m 4yo +
December Feltham Novices' Chase Chase Kempton  3m 4yo +
December Finale Juvenile Hurdle Hurdle Chepstow  2m ½f 3yo
Dec / Jan Challow Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Newbury  2m 5f 4yo +
January Tolworth Hurdle Hurdle Sandown  2m ½f 4yo +
January Victor Chandler Chase Chase Ascot  2m 1f 5yo +
Jan / Feb Scilly Isles Novices' Chase Chase Sandown  2m 4½f 5yo +
February Ascot Chase Chase Ascot  2m 5½f 5yo +
March Supreme Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m ½f 4yo +
March Arkle Challenge Trophy Chase Cheltenham  2m 5yo +
March Champion Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m ½f 4yo +
March Neptune Investment Management Hurdle
Cheltenham  2m 5f 4yo +
March RSA Chase Chase Cheltenham  3m ½f 5yo +
March Queen Mother Champion Chase Chase Cheltenham  2m 5yo +
March Champion Bumper Flat Cheltenham  2m ½f  4–6yo
March Ryanair Chase Chase Cheltenham  2m 5f 5yo +
March World Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  3m 4yo +
March Triumph Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m 1f 4yo
March Spa Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  3m 4yo +
March Cheltenham Gold Cup Chase Cheltenham  3m 2½f 5yo +
April Liverpool Hurdle Hurdle Aintree  3m ½f 4yo +
April Anniversary 4-Y-O Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Aintree  2m ½f 4yo
April Totesport Bowl Chase Aintree  3m 1f 5yo +
April Melling Chase Chase Aintree  2m 4f 5yo +
April Sefton Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Aintree  3m ½f 4yo +
April Maghull Novices' Chase Chase Aintree  2m 5yo +
April Aintree Hurdle Hurdle Aintree  2m 4f 4yo +

Grade 2
October Persian War Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Chepstow  2m 4f 4yo +
October Old Roan Chase Chase Aintree  2m 4f 4yo +
Oct / Nov West Yorkshire Hurdle Hurdle Wetherby  3m 1f 4yo +
Oct / Nov Charlie Hall Chase Chase Wetherby  3m 1f 5yo +
Oct / Nov Haldon Gold Cup Chase Exeter  2m 1½f 4yo +
November Rising Stars Novices' Chase Chase Wincanton  2m 5f 4yo +
November Elite Hurdle Hurdle Wincanton  2m 4yo +
November Sharp Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m ½f 4yo +
November Prestbury Juvenile Novices' Hurdle
Cheltenham  2m ½f 3yo
November November Novices' Chase Chase Cheltenham  2m 4yo +
November Hyde Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m 5f 4yo +
November Amlin 1965 Chase Chase Ascot  2m 3f 4yo +
November Ascot Hurdle Hurdle Ascot  2m 3½f 4yo +
Nov / Dec Worcester Novices' Chase Chase Newbury  3m 4yo +
Nov / Dec Berkshire Novices' Chase Chase Newbury  2m 4f 4yo +
Nov / Dec Long Distance Hurdle Hurdle Newbury  3m ½f 4yo +
Nov / Dec Peterborough Chase Chase Huntingdon  2m 4½f 4yo +
December Winter Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Sandown  2m 4½f 4yo +
December Henry VIII Novices' Chase Chase Sandown  2m 4yo +
December Relkeel Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m 4½f 4yo +
December Boylesports.com International
Cheltenham  2m 1f 4yo +
December Bristol Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  3m 4yo +
December December Novices' Chase Chase Lingfield  3m 4yo +
December Summit Junior Hurdle Hurdle Lingfield  2m ½f 3yo
December Kennel Gate Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Ascot  2m 4yo +
December Noel Novices' Chase Chase Ascot  2m 3f 4yo +
December Championship Standard Open NHF Race Flat Ascot  2m  4–6yo
December Wayward Lad Novices' Chase Chase Kempton  2m 4yo +
December Desert Orchid Chase Chase Kempton  2m 4yo +
January Dipper Novices' Chase Chase Cheltenham  2m 5f 5yo +
January Leamington Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Warwick  2m 5f 4yo +
January Warfield Mares' Hurdle Hurdle Ascot  3m 4yo +
January Holloway's Hurdle Hurdle Ascot  2m 3½f 4yo +
January Rossington Main Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Haydock  2m ½f 4yo +
January Altcar Novices' Chase Chase Haydock  2m 4f 5yo +
January Champion Hurdle Trial Hurdle Haydock  2m ½f 4yo +
January Peter Marsh Chase Chase Haydock  3m 5yo +
January Finesse Juvenile Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m 1f 4yo
January Cotswold Chase Chase Cheltenham  3m 1½f 5yo +
January Classic Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m 4½f 4yo +
January Cleeve Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  3m 5yo +
Jan / Feb River Don Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Doncaster  3m ½f 4yo +
Jan / Feb Lightning Novices' Chase Chase Doncaster  2m ½f 5yo +
Jan / Feb Doncaster Mares' Hurdle Hurdle Doncaster  2m ½f 4yo +
Jan / Feb Towton Novices' Chase Chase Wetherby  3m 1f 5yo +
February Kingmaker Novices' Chase Chase Warwick  2m 5yo +
February Aon Chase Chase Newbury  3m 5yo +
February Game Spirit Chase Chase Newbury  2m 1f 5yo +
February Winter Bumper Flat Newbury  2m ½f  4–6yo
February Reynoldstown Novices' Chase Chase Ascot  3m 5yo +
February Rendlesham Hurdle Hurdle Haydock  3m 1f 4yo +
February Prestige Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Haydock  3m 1f 4yo +
February Kingwell Hurdle Hurdle Wincanton  2m 4yo +
February Adonis Juvenile Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Kempton  2m 4yo
February Pendil Novices' Chase Chase Kempton  2m 4½f 5yo +
February Dovecote Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Kempton  2m 4yo+
February National Spirit Hurdle Hurdle Fontwell  2m 4f 4yo +
Feb / March Premier Kelso Hurdle Hurdle Kelso  2m 2f 4yo +
March David Nicholson Mares' Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m 4f 4yo +
March Jewson Novices' Chase Chase Cheltenham  2m 4f 5yo +
April Manifesto Novices' Chase Chase Aintree  2m 4f 5yo +
April Top Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Aintree  2m ½f 4yo +
April Mildmay Novices' Chase Chase Aintree  3m 1f 5yo +
April Mersey Novices' Hurdle Hurdle Aintree  2m 4f 4yo +
April Champion Standard Open NH Flat Race Flat Aintree  2m 1f  4–6yo
April Silver Trophy Chase Chase Cheltenham  2m 5f 5yo +
April Future Champion Novices' Chase Chase Ayr  2m 4f 5yo +
April Scottish Champion Hurdle Hurdle Ayr  2m 4yo +
April Celebration Chase Chase Sandown  2m 5yo +

Grade 3
November Morson Group Handicap Chase Chase Cheltenham  3m 3½f 4yo +
November Paddy Power Gold Cup Chase Cheltenham  2m 4½f 4yo +
November Greatwood Handicap Hurdle Hurdle Cheltenham  2m ½f 4yo +
Nov / Dec Hennessy Gold Cup Chase Newbury  3m 2½f 4yo +
December Boylesports.com Gold Cup Chase Cheltenham  2m 5f 4yo +
December Rowland Meyrick Handicap Chase Chase Wetherby  3m 1f 4yo +
December Welsh National Chase Chepstow  3m 5½f 4yo +
January Victorchandler.com Chase Chase Cheltenham  2m 5f 5yo +
January Classic Chase Chase Warwick  3m 5f 5yo +
January Betfair Trophy Chase Chase Cheltenham  2m 5f 5yo +
Jan / Feb Heroes Handicap Hurdle Hurdle Sandown  2m 6f 4yo +
February Totesport Trophy Hurdle Newbury  2m ½f 4yo +
February Grand National Trial Chase Haydock  3m 4f 5yo +
February Racing Post Chase Chase Kempton  3m 5yo +
Feb / March Greatwood Gold Cup Chase Newbury  2m 4f 5yo +
March Paddy Power Novices' Handicap Hurdle
Sandown  2m 4f  4–7yo
March Festival Trophy Handicap Chase Chase Cheltenham  3m ½f 5yo +
March Coral Cup Hurdle Cheltenham  2m 5f 4yo +
March Fred Winter Juvenile Novices' Hurdle
Cheltenham  2m ½f 4yo
March Byrne Group Plate Chase Cheltenham  2m 5f 5yo +
March Vincent O'Brien County Handicap Hurdle
Cheltenham  2m 1f 5yo +
March Johnny Henderson Grand Annual Chase
Cheltenham  2m ½f 5yo +
April Red Rum Handicap Chase Chase Aintree  2m 5yo +
April John Smith's Handicap Hurdle Hurdle Aintree  3m ½f 4yo +
April Grand National Chase Aintree  4m 4f 6yo +
April Scottish Grand National Chase Ayr  4m 1f 5yo +
April Bet365 Gold Cup Chase Sandown  3m 5½f 5yo +
May Swinton Handicap Hurdle Hurdle Haydock  2m 4yo +
Selected other races

November Becher Chase Chase Aintree  3m 2f 5yo +
December Castleford Chase Chase Wetherby  2m 5yo +
January Lanzarote Hurdle Hurdle Kempton  2m 5f 4yo +
Jan / Feb Contenders Hurdle Hurdle Sandown  2m ½f 5yo +
February Eider Chase Chase Newcastle  4m 1f 5yo +
March Imperial Cup Hurdle Sandown  2m 4yo +
March Glenfarclas Cross Country Chase Chase Cheltenham  3m 7f 5yo +
March Centenary Novices' Handicap Chase
Cheltenham  2m 5f 5yo +
March National Hunt Chase Challenge Cup
4m 5yo +
March Pertemps Final Hurdle Cheltenham  3m 5yo +
March Fulke Walwyn Kim Muir Challenge Cup
Cheltenham  3m 1½f 5yo +
March Christie's Foxhunter Chase Chase Cheltenham  3m 2½f 5yo +
March Martin Pipe Conditional Jockeys' Hurdle
Cheltenham  2m 4½f 4yo +
March Midlands Grand National Chase Uttoxeter  4m 1f 5yo +

Last Run
Jan 2006 Churchill Road Hurdle Hurdle Lingfield  2m 3½f 4yo +
March 2004 Cathcart Challenge Cup Chase Cheltenham  2m 5f 5yo +

List of historical horses


Adios, leading sire of harness racehorses
Adios Butler, famous harness racer
Affirmed, last horse to win the U.S. Triple Crown (1978)
Ajax, 18 consecutive race wins, before he was defeated at 1/40.
Albatross, harness racer who won 59 of 71 races, and as a sire produced winners of over $130 million, including Niatross
Allez France, French Arc winner and first filly to win a million dollars
Alydar, finished second to Affirmed in all three Triple Crown races, and one of the great sires in North American history
Aristides, winner of the first Kentucky Derby
Arkle, reckoned the greatest steeplechaser of all time
Assault, U.S. Triple Crown winner (1946)
Best Mate, 2002, 2003 and 2004 Cheltenham Gold Cup winner, often given title 'Greatest Steeplechaser' since Arkle, and an equal to him
Big Brown, 2008 Kentucky Derby and Preakness Stakes winner, first horse since Clyde Van Dusen to win the Kentucky Derby from the 20th post position
Bret Hanover one of only nine pacers to win the Triple Crown of Harness Racing for Pacers and he had 62 wins from 68 starts. The only horse to have even been made Harness Horse of the Year three times.
Buckpasser, won 15 consecutive races, and one of the greatest broodmare sires in history
Bulle Rock in 1730 was the first Thoroughbred imported into America.
Carbine, outstanding racehorse and sire. Winner of the Melbourne Cup
Cardigan Bay, New Zealand's "million dollar pacer", the first to win a million in the US; appeared on the Ed Sullivan Show
Cigar, a great champion in the 1990s who won 16 consecutive races
Citation, U.S. Triple Crown winner (1948)
Crisp, remembered for his epic race in the Grand National with Red Rum
Curlin, the richest North American-based horse of all time
Dan Patch, America's greatest pacer
Dawn Run, great racemare and the only horse ever to complete Champion Hurdle, Cheltenham Gold Cup double
Deep Impact, Japanese horse who smashed the world record over 3200 metres
Desert Gold, racemare who won 19 races successive races during World War I.
Desert Orchid, won King George four times and Cheltenham Gold Cup; national icon and beautiful grey loved by children
Easy Goer, Hall of Fame champion who ran the fastest mile of all time on dirt by any three year old thoroughbred in 1:32.2, and ran the second fastest Belmont Stakes of all time behind Secretariat. Great rivalry with Sunday Silence
Eight Belles, the first filly to win the Martha Washington Stakes, by a record 13½ lengths.
Eclipse, celebrated 18th century racehorse that won 18 races in 18 starts and was a very influential sire
Exterminator exceedingly popular, "iron horse" of American racing history
Funny Cide, first gelding since Clyde Van Dusen to win the Kentucky Derby
Genuine Risk, the second filly to win the Kentucky Derby (1980)
Gloaming, won 19 successive races in New Zealand and Australia.
Goldsmith Maid, famous harness racing mare of the 19th century[1]
Go Man Go, a Champion Running Quarter Horse
Greyhound, named trotting horse of the century in the US
Hambletonian 10, known as the "father of American trotting"
Iroquois was the first American-bred racehorse to win the prestigious Epsom Derby
John Henry, U.S. Champion Turf Horse (1980, 1981, 1983, 1984)
Kelso, only five-time winner of U.S. Horse of the Year
Kincsem, Hungarian racemare and most successful racehorse ever, winning all 54 starts in five countries
Kindergarten, weighted more than Phar Lap in the Melbourne Cup
Kingston Town, "the King", won three Cox Plates
Kissin George one of America's premier sprinting Thoroughbred racehorses.
Lady Suffolk, the "old gray mare", the first horse to beat the 2.5 minute mile[2][3]
La Troienne, most important broodmare of the twentieth century
Lexington, America's leading 19th Century sire
Longfellow, 19th century's great runner and great stallion
Lottery, winner of the Grand National steeplechase in 1839
Makybe Diva, won Melbourne Cup three successive times
Master Charlie, winner 1924 Remsen Stakes, Tijuana Futurity, Hopeful Stakes, Kentucky Jockey Club Stakes, awarded 1924 American Champion Two-Year-Old-Male/Colt
Man o' War, often considered America's greatest racehorse; won 20 of 21 career starts
Might and Power World Champion Stayer (1997); Australian Horse of the Year (1998, 1999)
Mr. Prospector, one of the great U.S. sires of the late 20th century
Nasrullah, one of the great Thoroughbred sires of the 20th century
Native Dancer,won 21 of 22 career races, with only loss in the Kentucky Derby, and sire whose descendants have come to dominate modern Triple Crown racing
Niatross, pacer who won 37 of his 39 races and broke many records, considered to be one of the greatest harness racers of all time
Nijinsky II, last horse to win the English Triple Crown (1970)
Northern Dancer, Canada's champion on the racetrack; most successful sire of the 20th Century
Phar Lap, Australia and New Zealand's most famed thoroughbred racehorse; won 37 of his 51 career starts
Rachel Alexandra, filly and winner of the 2009 Preakness Stakes.
Red Rum, only horse in the history of the Aintree Grand National to win the race three times (and place second on two other occasions)
Regret, the first filly to win the Kentucky Derby (1915)
Rock Sand, English Triple Crown winner (1903) and sire of the dam of Man o' War
Ruffian, the great filly champion who won every race she started until her final (and fatal) race
Sadler's Wells, one of Europe's greatest sires of the late 20th century
Sea Bird II, highest ever Timeform rated horse (rated 145)
Sea the Stars, first horse ever to win the 2,000 Guineas, Epsom Derby, and Arc de Triomphe in the same year (2009)
Seabiscuit, beat War Admiral in a match race; like Phar Lap, raced during the Depression.
Seattle Slew, U.S. Triple Crown winner (1977), one of the greatest sires in history
Secretariat, U.S. Triple Crown winner (1973), and one of North America's greatest broodmare sires of all time
Shergar, the kidnapped winner of the 1981 Epsom Derby
Silky Sullivan, arguably the fastest closer of all time
Smarty Jones became the first unbeaten Kentucky Derby winner since Seattle Slew in 1977.
Spectacular Bid, Hall of Fame champion who went undefeated as a four year old, and won 26 of 30 career starts.
Steel Dust, 19th Century quarter-mile racing horse[4]
Skewball, (sometimes called "Stewball") immortalized in 18th century poetry as a sku-ball winning against a Thoroughbred
Storm Cat, one of the great U.S. sires of the late 20th century
Sunday Silence, big winner in the US and champion sire in Japan
Varenne Italy most famous harness horse
War Admiral, the fourth U.S. Triple Crown winner (1937)
Winning Colors, the third (and currently last) filly to win the Kentucky Derby (1988)
Zenyatta, undefeated in 19 starts and the first mare to win the Breeders' Cup Classic (2009), plus the first to win two different Breeders' Cup races (2008, 2009).
Competition horses

Arko, an Olympic level show jumping horse
Big Ben, a Canadian international show jumper and Olympian
Milton, a British international show jumper and Olympian ridden by John Whitaker
Noble Flaire, a Morgan horse who was the first to win three Park Harness World Championships at the American Morgan Horse World Championship Horse Show
Radium, outstanding campdrafter and a very influential sire in Australia.
The Golden Machine, also called "Medicine Man", Owned by Heather Parish – Vernon was the first Palomino Quarter Horse to compete at the Olympics. Ridden by Richard Phelps of Great Brittan Modern Pentathlon 1996 Olympics . The Golden Machine was featured with Phelps on the cover of the August 1996 issue of the Quarter Horse Journal.
Military horses

See also: List of horses of the American Civil War.
Babieca, horse of El Cid
Bijou, horse of Count Johan Augustus Sandels, Swedish Fieldmarshall, Finnish War 1808-1809
Black Jack, the last Quartermaster-issued U.S. Army horse, died February 6, 1976
Blackie, belonged to Chief Sitting Bull
Blueskin, one of General Washington's horses
Bucephalus, Alexander the Great's horse
Chetak, war horse of Rana Pratap of Mewar in India
Cincinnati, one of Ulysses S. Grant's horses
Comanche, only documented survivor of General Custer's 7th Cavalry detachment at the Battle of Little Big Horn
Copenhagen, the Duke of Wellington's favourite horse, which he rode at the Battle of Waterloo
Dhuljana?, the horse of Husayn ibn Ali in the Battle of Karbala
Dilu, the personal steed of Liu Bei which was said to have a hex and marking on his face which would bring misfortune upon its rider
Gazala, horse of Baldwin I of Jerusalem
Kasztanka, horse of Józef Pilsudski, likely the most famous Polish horse
Kitty, horse belonging to Marshal of Finland Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
Little Sorrel, Stonewall Jackson's horse
Llamrei, steed of King Arthur
Magnolia, one of General Washington's horses
Marengo, Napoleon's horse which was captured by the British, and outlived Napoleon by eight years
Matsukaze, personal horse of Maeda Keiji
(Old) Nelson, one of General Washington's horses
Palomo, the main horse of Simon Bolivar
Reckless was a small mare that became a decorated Marine for carrying ammunition into battle for the US Marine platoon[5]
Red Hare, also known as Chitu, was Lü Bu's horse from the Three Kingdoms; inspired the phrase "Among men: Lü Bu. Among horses: Red Hare."
Shadowless, the personal steed of Cao Cao
Rienzi, Philip H. Sheridan's horse
Roger Leo, one of General Washington's horses at Valley Forge
Streiff, the horse of Gustavus Adolphus at the battle of Lützen 1632. The hide was mounted on a wooden frame and can still today be seen at the Royal Armoury in Stockholm.
Traveller, Robert E. Lee's horse
Warrior, called "Old Warrior", the mount of General Jack Seely which led many charges "over the top" in WW1.
Horses of various other fames

Black Bess, highwayman Dick Turpin's horse
Brown Beauty, the horse Paul Revere borrowed for his famous ride.
Burmese, the favourite mount of Queen Elizabeth II, which was a gift from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.
Buttermilk, Dale Evans' horse
Champion, Gene Autrey's horse
Chetak, horse of Rana Pratap Rana Pratap
Clever Hans, a smart horse
Cloud, the wild mustang stallion documented from birth for a PBS Nature series
Darley Arabian, Godolphin Arabian and Byerly Turk, stallions from whom all Thoroughbreds are descended
Diablo, The Cisco Kid's horse
Figure (also known by the name of one of his owners, Justin Morgan) – the foundation sire of the Morgan horse breed
Grated Coconut Calgary Stampede’s six-time world champion bucking horse
Gun Rock, the offspring of Man O' War used in the 1920s at UC Davis to breed horses for the U.S. Army Cavalry
Halla, the famed show jumping champion, with two world championships (1954 and 1955) and three Olympic gold medals (1956 and 1960)
Hollywood Dun It, the all-time leading reining sire and Quarter Horse
Huaso, Chilean bred horse, holder of the high jump world record set in Chile on February 5 of 1949, one of the world's longest unbroken sport records.
Incitatus, Emperor Caligula's favorite horse, may have been made a Senator
Jim Key, "Smartest Horse in the World," a star attraction at 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis
Jim, a former milk cart horse used to produce diphtheria antitoxin; contamination of this antitoxin inspired the Biologics Control Act of 1902
King, a foundation sire of the Quarter Horse breed
Marocco or Bankes's Horse, a late 16th- and early 17th-century English performing horse
Muhamed, the German horse allegedly capable of solving cubic roots
Papoose, Little Beaver's horse Red Ryder's Navajo Ward Sidekick
Prince and Lady, Almanzo Wilder's Morgan horse driving team of Laura Ingalls Wilder's Little House books
Prometea, born May 28, 2003, the first cloned horse and the first to be born from and carried by its cloning mother
Red Buck, the horse of Emmett Dalton
Red Fox, a horse of Jesse James
Rocinante, Don Quixote's horse
Sampson, the tallest horse ever recorded; he was a Shire and stood 21.2½ hands high
Scout, Tonto's horse
Silver, The Lone Ranger's horse
Sportsman, John Mytton's horse, died when forced to drink a bottle of port wine
Tarzan, white stallion of actor Ken Maynard
Thunder, Red Ryder's horse
Tony, horse of actor Tom Mix
Trigger, Roy Rogers' Palomino
Zippo Pine Bar

Horse trainer

In horse racing, a trainer prepares a horse for races, with responsibility for exercising it, getting it race-ready and determining which races it should enter. Leading horse trainers can earn a great deal of money from a percentage of the winnings that they charge the owner for training the horse.
Outside horse racing, most trainers specialize in a certain equestrianism discipline, such as show jumping, reining, rodeo, sport horse disciplines, training of a specific horse breed, starting young horses, or working with problem horses. There are a wide variety of horse training methods used to teach the horse to do the things humans want them to do. Some fields can be very lucrative, usually depending on the value of the horses once trained or prize money available in competition. However, as a rule, most horse trainers earn, at best, a modest income which often requires supplementation from a second job or additional horse-related business, such as horse boarding or riding lessons.

Prominent race horse trainers

United Kingdom & Ireland
John Gosden
Michael Stoute
Henry Cecil
Mick Channon
Luca Cumani
Aidan O'Brien
Dick Hern
Mark Johnston
Henrietta Knight
Paul Nicholls
Vincent O'Brien
Ted Walsh
United States
Steve Asmussen
Bob Baffert
Patrick L. Biancone
Christophe Clement
Michael Dickinson
Robert J. Frankel
H. Allen Jerkens
D. Wayne Lukas
Richard Mandella
Michael R. Matz
Ron McAnally
Shug McGaughey
William I. Mott
Todd Pletcher
Monty Roberts
Barclay Tagg
Stacy Westfall
Charlie Whittingham
According to The American Racing Manual, the thoroughbred horse racing trainers who have led the annual money-earning list more than twice since 1908 are:
D. Wayne Lukas (14)
Sam Hildreth (9)
Charlie Whittingham (7)
Sunny Jim Fitzsimmons, Horace A. "Jimmy" Jones (5)
Bob Baffert, Laz Barrera, Ben A. Jones, William Molter (4)
Hirsch Jacobs, Edward A. Neloy, James G. Rowe, Sr. (3)
Bart Cummings
Tommy Smith
Colin Hayes
Gai Waterhouse
Lee Freedman
David A. Hayes
See also

In horse racing, a trainer prepares a horse for races, with responsibility for exercising it, getting it race-ready and determining which races it should enter. Leading horse trainers can earn a great deal of money from a percentage of the winnings that they charge the owner for training the horse.
Outside horse racing, most trainers specialize in a certain equestrianism discipline, such as show jumping, reining, rodeo, sport horse disciplines, training of a specific horse breed, starting young horses, or working with problem horses. There are a wide variety of horse training methods used to teach the horse to do the things humans want them to do. Some fields can be very lucrative, usually depending on the value of the horses once trained or prize money available in competition. However, as a rule, most horse trainers earn, at best, a modest income which often requires supplementation from a second job or additional horse-related business, such as horse boarding or riding lessons.


Timeform Ltd
Type Private company
Industry Publisher
Founded 1948
Headquarters Halifax, West Yorkshire
Timeform Publications is a publishing company in Halifax, West Yorkshire, England founded in 1948 to provide information to fans, bettors, and others involved in the horse racing industry. The company was purchased by the sports betting exchange Betfair in December 2006.


Portway Press Ltd was formed in 1948 by Phil Bull, who wanted to establish a mathematical link to a horse's performance, based on the time the horse recorded. At a time when such data were virtually unheard of, Bull started publishing a racing annual, which evolved into the "Racehorses Of.." series. The company was purchased for a reputed £15 million by the sports betting exchange Betfair in December 2006.[1]
Data system

According to the publishers, a Timeform rating represents "the merit of the horse expressed in pounds and is arrived at by careful examination of its running against other horses using a scale of weight for distance beaten which ranges from around 3 lb a length at five furlongs and 2 lb a length at a mile and a quarter to 1 lb a length at two miles".
The Beyer Speed Figure used in the United States is similar to a Timeform rating. The popular rule of thumb for comparing these two numbers is to add 12-14 points to the Beyer score to estimate the Timeform number.
Timeform ratings for 3-year-olds & up are as follows:
140+ - An outstanding horse
130-135 - Above average Group 1 winner
125-129 - Average Group 1 winner
115-120 - Average Group 2 winner
110-115 - Average Group 3 winner
100-105 - Average listed race winner
Timeform states that 2-year-old averages are slightly lower.
The Daily Racing Form gives an example of the evolution of ratings for horses from age two upwards in the American Grade I Arlington Million.[2]
Flat vs Hurdle vs Steeplechase

Timeform maintains different scales for horses racing on the flat, over hurdles and over fences. The scores cannot be compared for the obvious differences between the race types. For instance Arkle at 212, Flyingbolt at 210, Mill House and Kauto Star both at 191 are the highest rated steeplechasers ever, whilst the highest rated horses over hurdles are Night Nurse at 182, Istabraq and Monksfield both at 180 and Persian War at 179. The table below lists scores for flat horses only starting with the highest, rated at 145 which is the legendary French horse Sea Bird.[3]

Annually in March, the company puts out its book Racehorses of .... which currently contains more than 1,200 pages and provides information and ratings on the top flat horses in Australasia, Dubai, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, North America and Scandinavia. Also, annually in October the company publishes Chasers and Hurdlers, a thorough review of every horse that ran under National Hunt rules in Britain, as well as the best National Hunt horses to have run in Ireland and France.
Timeform publishes a number of other books. Its Horses to Follow: Flat Season is composed of short essays on fifty horses deemed worthy of following in the upcoming year's classics. The horses are selected by Timeform's own team of experts along with five leading broadcasters. The book also provides a guide to the most significant two-year-old performances from the previous year.
Timeform also compiles a system based on speed and class which appears in the Daily Racing Form for all horse racing events run in the United Kingdom, Ireland, France and the United Arab Emirates.
Top-rated Thoroughbreds on Flat Courses

Steven A. Roman, Ph.D., a professor at Columbia University created the Chef-de-Race website, a resource that contains significant information on speed ratings for Thoroughbred racehorses. The figures below are official All-Time Highweights for horses who raced in Australasia, Dubai, Europe, Hong Kong, Japan, and Scandinavia as supplied by Mr. Neil O'Connor of Timeform. Until very recently (generally after 2000), notable post-war horses who raced in America were never given Timeform ratings, so they can not be compared directly to their European counterparts. The most notable of these would be Secretariat.
Horse Born Rating
Sea Bird 1962 145
Brigadier Gerard 1968 144
Tudor Minstrel 1944 144
Abernant 1946 142
Ribot 1952 142
Frankel 2008 142
Mill Reef 1968 141
Dancing Brave 1983 140
Dubai Millennium 1996 140
Harbinger 2006 140
Sea The Stars 2006 140
Shergar 1978 140
Vaguely Noble 1965 140
Generous 1988 139
Pappa Fourway 1952 139
Reference Point 1984 139
Alleged 1974 138
Alycidon 1945 138
Celtic Swing 1992 138
Cigar 1990 138
Daylami 1994 138
Exbury 1959 138
Nijinsky 1967 138
Star of India 1953 138
Tulloch 1954 138
Easy Goer 1986 137
Sunday Silence 1986 137
Apalachee 1971 137
Dayjur 1987 137
Ghostzapper 2000 137
Grundy 1972 137
Kingston Town 1976 137
Mark of Esteem 1993 137
Molvedo 1958 137
Montjeu 1996 137
Moorestyle 1977 137
Never Say Die 1951 137
Peintre Celebre 1994 137
Pinza 1950 137
Princely Gift 1951 137
Ragusa 1960 137
Rheingold 1969 137
Reliance 1962 137
Right Boy 1954 137
Troy 1976 137
Zilzal 1986 137
Alcide 1955 136
Allez France 1970 136
Ballymoss 1954 136
Bering 1983 136
Black Tarquin 1945 136
Bustino 1971 136
Crepello 1954 136
El Condor Pasa 1995 136
El Gran Senor 1981 136
Floribunda 1958 136
Gentlemen 1992 136
Habibti 1980 136
Hafiz 1952 136
Hawk Wing 1999 136
Helissio 1993 136
Herbager 1956 136
My Babu 1945 136
Manikato 1975 136
Northjet 1977 136
Old Vic 1986 136
Relko 1960 136
Slip Anchor 1982 136
Suave Dancer 1988 136
Sakhee 1997 136
Tantieme 1947 136
Texana 1955 136
Thatch 1970 136
Warning 1985 136
All Along 1979 135
Arazi 1989 135
Arbar 1944 135
Arctic Prince 1948 135
Chanteur 1942 135
Charlottesville 1957 135
Coronation 1946 135
Dahlia 1970 135
Intikhab 1994 135
Known Fact 1977 135
Kris 1976 135
La Tendresse 1959 135
Le Moss 1975 135
Match II 1958 135
Nashwan 1986 135
Never So Bold 1980 135
Pebbles 1981 135
Petingo 1965 135
Petoski 1982 135
Right Royal 1958 135
Royal Anthem 1995 135
Sagace 1980 135
Sassafras 1967 135
Shadeed 1982 135
Shahrastani 1983 135
Shareef Dancer 1980 135
Sicambre 1948 135
Sir Ivor 1965 135
Souverain 1943 135
St Jovite 1989 135
Supreme Court 1948 135
Teenoso 1980 135
Tenerani 1944 135
The Bug 1943 135
The Minstrel 1974 135
Trempolino 1984 135
Youth 1973 135

Horseracing in Great Britain

Horse racing is a popular spectator sport in Great Britain, with hundreds of years of unique heritage. Gambling on horseraces is also considered the cornerstone of the British betting industry.
The two main forms of horse racing in Great Britain are unobstructed distances races, known as flat racing, and races over fences or over hurdles, known as National Hunt racing. Additionally there is another form of racing which is run on an altogether more informal and ad hoc basis, known as point to point racing. Point to point is a form of steeplechasing for amateur riders. It, like professional racing, is nevertheless run under the auspices of the governing and regulatory body for horse-racing in Great Britain, the British Horseracing Authority.[1]
The UK has produced some of the greatest jockeys, including Sir Gordon Richards, usually considered the greatest ever jockey. There are between four and five hundred professional jockeys based in the United Kingdom.[2]

It is thought that the first races to take place in Britain were organised by soldiers of the Roman Empire in Yorkshire around 200 AD, although the first recorded race meeting was during the reign of Henry II at Smithfield, London in 1174 during a horse fair.
It is believed that the first occurrence of a trophy being presented to the winner of a race was in 1512 by organisers of a fair in Chester and was a small wooden ball decorated with flowers.
Early in the 16th century Henry VIII imported a large number of stallions and mares for breeding although it was not until the 17th and 18th centuries that the breeding of Thoroughbreds began as we know it now.
Newmarket is known as the home of horse racing in England and James I was prominent in introducing racing there after discovering the little village in 1605 whilst out hawking or riding. He spent so much time there that the House of Commons petitioned him to concentrate more of his time on running the country. This region had a long association with horses going back to the time of Boudica and the Iceni. Around the time that Charles I of England came to the throne, Spring and Autumn race meetings were introduced to Newmarket and in 1634 the first Gold Cup event was held.
All horse racing was then banned in 1654 by Oliver Cromwell, and many horses were requisitioned by the state. Despite this Cromwell himself kept a stud running of his own.

Jockey, Edwardian painting by the famous Irish artist William Orpen
With the restoration of Charles II racing flourished and he instituted the Newmarket Town Plate in 1664, writing the rules himself:
Articles ordered by His Majestie to be observed by all persons that put in horses to ride for the Plate, the new round heat at Newmarket set out on the first day of October, 1664, in the 16th year of our Sovereign Lord King Charles II, which Plate is to be rid for yearly, the second Thursday in October for ever.
In the early 18th century, Queen Anne kept a large string of horses and was instrumental in the founding of Royal Ascot where the opening race each year is still called the Queen Anne Stakes. This has now stopped since the Queen Anne Stakes was elevated to Group 1 status in 2004 and therefore the Coventry Stakes is the first race on the first day of Royal Ascot.
In 1740, Parliament introduced an act "to restrain and to prevent the excessive increase in horse racing", though this was largely ignored, but in the 1752 the Jockey Club was formed to create and apply the Rules of Racing.
The Jockey Club governed the sport from 1752 until its governance role was handed to the British Horseracing Board, (formed in June 1993) and while the BHB became responsible for strategic planning, finance, politics, race planning, training and marketing, the Jockey Club continued to regulate the sport. In 2006 it formed the Horseracing Regulatory Authority to carry out the regulatory process whilst it focused on owning 13 racecourses and the gallops in Newmarket and Lambourn. In July 2007 the HRA merged with the BHB to form the British Horseracing Authority.
Key data

Key data for 2005 (2004 in brackets) extracted from the British Horseracing Board's annual reports for 2004 and 2005:
2004 2005
Fixtures 1,299 1,300
Races 8,757 8,588
Runners 92,761 94,659
Prize Money (Total) £101.3 million 99.3 million
Prize Money (Flat) £65.4 million 63.9 million
Prize Money (Jump) £35.9 million 35.4 million
Racegoers (Total) 6,048,517 5,896,922
Racegoers (Flat) 3,873,508 3,704,567
Racegoers (Jump) 2,175,009 2,192,435
Monthly average horses in training 13,914 14,388
Monthly average owners with horses in training
British racing is going through a period of growth, but the Chief Executive of the BHB states in the 2005 annual report that in 2005, as in other recent years, "Success was achieved in an environment of great uncertainty." The sport is struggling to adapt to the loss of income from pre-race data following court ruling prohibiting the practice of charging for such in 2004 and 2005, to which the BHB attributes the fall in prize money in 2005. The data charges were themselves designed to replace income lost when a statutory levy was abolished. In 2004 attendances exceeded 6 million for the first time since the 1950s (2004 annual report). The decrease in 2005 is attributable to the closure of Ascot Racecourse for redevelopment for the entire year. With Ascot reopened the BHB estimates that 2006 attendances will exceed 6.5 million.

There are 60 licenced racecourses in Great Britain, with a further two in Northern Ireland (Down Royal and Downpatrick). Apart from Great Leighs and Ffos Las (which opened in 2009), all the courses date back to 1927 or earlier. The oldest is Chester Racecourse, which dates to the early 16th century.[3]
Aintree Racecourse in Merseyside - (national hunt)
Ascot Racecourse in Berkshire -(mixed)
Ayr Racecourse in Ayrshire - (mixed)
Bangor on Dee Racecourse in Wrexham - (national hunt)
Bath Racecourse in Somerset - (flat)
Beverley Racecourse in the East Riding of Yorkshire - (flat)
Brighton Racecourse in East Sussex - (flat)
Carlisle Racecourse in Cumbria - (mixed)
Cartmel Racecourse in Cumbria - (national hunt)
Catterick Bridge in North Yorkshire - (mixed)
Cheltenham Racecourse in Gloucestershire - (national hunt)
Chepstow Racecourse in Monmouthshire - (mixed)
Chester Racecourse in Cheshire - (flat)
Doncaster Racecourse in South Yorkshire - (mixed)
Epsom Downs Racecourse in Surrey - (flat)
Exeter Racecourse in Devon - (national hunt)
Fakenham Racecourse in Norfolk - (national hunt)
Ffos Las Racecourse in Carmarthenshire - (mixed)
Folkestone Racecourse in Kent - (mixed)
Fontwell Park Racecourse in West Sussex - (national hunt)
Goodwood Racecourse in West Sussex - (flat)
Great Yarmouth Racecourse in Norfolk - (flat)
Hamilton Park in South Lanarkshire - (flat)
Haydock Park Racecourse in Merseyside - (mixed)
Hereford Racecourse in Herefordshire - (national hunt)
Hexham Racecourse in Northumberland - (national hunt)
Huntingdon Racecourse in Cambridgeshire - (national hunt)
Kelso Racecourse in the Scottish Borders - (national hunt)
Kempton Park in Surrey - (mixed)
Leicester Racecourse in Leicestershire - (mixed)
Lingfield Park Racecourse in Surrey - (mixed)
Ludlow Racecourse in Shropshire - (national hunt)
Market Rasen Racecourse in Lincolnshire - (national hunt)
Musselburgh Racecourse in East Lothian - (mixed)
Newbury Racecourse in Berkshire - (mixed)
Newcastle Racecourse in Tyne and Wear - (mixed)
Newmarket Racecourses in Suffolk - (flat)
Newton Abbot Racecourse in Devon - (national hunt)
Nottingham Racecourse in Nottinghamshire - (flat)
Perth Racecourse in Perth and Kinross - (national hunt)
Plumpton Racecourse in East Sussex - (national hunt)
Pontefract Racecourse in West Yorkshire - (flat)
Redcar Racecourse in North Yorkshire - (flat)
Ripon Racecourse in North Yorkshire - (flat)
Salisbury Racecourse in Wiltshire - (flat)
Sandown Park Racecourse in Surrey - (mixed)
Sedgefield Racecourse in County Durham - (national hunt)
Southwell Racecourse in Nottinghamshire - (mixed)
Stratford-on-Avon Racecourse in Warwickshire - (national hunt)
Taunton Racecourse in Somerset - (national hunt)
Thirsk Racecourse in North Yorkshire - (flat)
Towcester Racecourse in Northamptonshire - (national hunt)
Uttoxeter Racecourse in Staffordshire - (national hunt)
Warwick Racecourse in Warwickshire - (mixed)
Wetherby Racecourse in West Yorkshire - (national hunt)
Wincanton Racecourse in Somerset - (national hunt)
Windsor Racecourse in Berkshire - (flat)
Wolverhampton Racecourse in the West Midlands - (flat)
Worcester Racecourse in Worcestershire - (national hunt)
York Racecourse in Yorkshire - (flat)
Former race courses
Between 1900 and 1981, 97 racecourses closed their doors. [4]
Alexandra Park Racecourse - north London; closed in 1970.
Atherstone Racecourse - Warwickshire
Banbury Racecourse - Oxfordshire
Bromford Bridge Racecourse - Birmingham
Buckfastleigh Racecourse - Devon; held its first race on 21 June 1883 and its final race on 27 August 1960. The dilapidated main grandstand survives, and is a well known local landmark, and the fields around it are still in use for point-to-point races.[5]
Chelmsford Racecourse - Essex
Croxton Racecourse - Leicestershire
Durham Racecourse
Eglinton Racecourse - County Londonderry, Northern Ireland
Eridge Racecourse - East Sussex
Gatwick Racecourse - West Sussex; in use from 1891 to 1940 and the land is now part of London Gatwick Airport.
Great Leighs Racecourse in Essex - opened in 2008, racing licence suspended in 2009.
Harpenden Racecourse - Hertfordshire; closed before 1914, the land is now the site of Bamville Cricket Club.
Hurst Park Racecourse - Surrey; in use from 1890 to 1962.
Lanark Racecourse - Lanarkshire, Scotland
Lewes Racecourse - East Sussex; closed in September 1964 after some 200 years of racing.
Lincoln Racecourse - Lincolnshire
Maghull Racecourse - Sefton, Merseyside
Manchester Racecourse - Greater Manchester
Mansfield racecourse. Little is known but Old Mansfield Society is likely to have information
Melton Racecourse - Leicestershire
Northampton Racecourse - Northampton; closed 1904
Plymouth Racecourse - Devon; in use from about 1827 until the last race on 4 September 1930.
Portsmouth Racecourse - Farlington, Portsmouth; opened 1891 and closed at the outbreak of World War 1 and turned into an ammunition dump for the War Office.
Portsmouth Racecourse - Paulsgrove, Portsmouth; opened in the 1920s and closed shortly after the end of World War 2. The land was redeveloped as a housing estate.
Rugby Racecourse - Clifton-upon-Dunsmore, Warwickshire; still used annually for point-to-point races
Shincliffe Racecourse - Durham; in use from 1895 until about 1913.
Shirley Racecourse - West Midlands; the land is now the home of Shirley Golf Club.
South Brent Racecourse - Devon
Teesside Park, Stockton
Torquay Racecourse - Devon
Totnes Racecourse - Devon; closed in 1939 and requisitioned by the Admiralty, it was sold in the early 1950s. At this course long distance steeplechases involved crossing the River Dart and the Totnes-Newton Abbot road.
Wrexham Racecourse - north Wales
Wye Racecourse- Kent; in use from 1881 to 1975.
The three main operators of British racecourses are Jockey Club Racecourses, which owns fourteen courses, Northern Racing with ten, and Arena Leisure with seven.

List of British flat horse races
Group 1

April / May 2,000 Guineas Stakes Newmarket  1m 3yo c&f
April / May 1,000 Guineas Stakes Newmarket  1m 3yo f
May Lockinge Stakes Newbury  1m 4yo+
June Coronation Cup Epsom  1m 4f 10y 4yo+
June Oaks Stakes Epsom  1m 4f 10y 3yo f
June Derby Stakes Epsom  1m 4f 10y 3yo c&f
June Queen Anne Stakes Ascot  1m 4yo+
June King's Stand Stakes Ascot  5f 3yo+
June St. James's Palace Stakes Ascot  1m 3yo c
June Prince of Wales's Stakes Ascot  1m 2f 4yo+
June Gold Cup Ascot  2m 4f 4yo+
June Coronation Stakes Ascot  1m 3yo f
June Golden Jubilee Stakes Ascot  6f 3yo+
July Eclipse Stakes Sandown  1m 2f 7y 3yo+
July Falmouth Stakes Newmarket  1m 3yo+ f
July July Cup Newmarket  6f 3yo+
July King George VI and Queen Elizabeth Stakes Ascot  1m 4f 3yo+
July / Aug Sussex Stakes Goodwood  1m 3yo+
July / Aug Nassau Stakes Goodwood  1m 1f 192y 3yo+ f
August International Stakes York  1m 2f 88y 3yo+
August Yorkshire Oaks York  1m 4f 3yo+ f
August Nunthorpe Stakes York  5f 2yo+
September Sprint Cup Haydock  6f 3yo+
September St. Leger Stakes Doncaster  1m 6f 132y 3yo c&f
September Fillies' Mile Newmarket  1m 2yo f
September Cheveley Park Stakes Newmarket  6f 2yo f
September Sun Chariot Stakes Newmarket  1m 3yo+ f
Sept / Oct Middle Park Stakes Newmarket  6f 2yo c
October Dewhurst Stakes Newmarket  7f 2yo c&f
October Queen Elizabeth II Stakes Ascot  1m 3yo+
October Champion Stakes Ascot  1m 2f 3yo+
October Racing Post Trophy Doncaster  1m 2yo c&f

Group 2

April Sandown Mile Sandown  1m 14y 4yo+
April / May Jockey Club Stakes Newmarket  1m 4f 4yo+
May Duke of York Stakes York  6f 3yo+
May Middleton Stakes York  1m 2f 88y 4yo+ f
May Dante Stakes York  1m 2f 88y 3yo
May Yorkshire Cup York  1m 6f 4yo+
May Temple Stakes Haydock  5f 3yo+
May Henry II Stakes Sandown  2m 78y 4yo+
June Coventry Stakes Ascot  6f 2yo
June Windsor Forest Stakes Ascot  1m 4yo+ f
June Queen Mary Stakes Ascot  5f 2yo f
June Norfolk Stakes Ascot  5f 2yo
June Ribblesdale Stakes Ascot  1m 4f 3yo f
June King Edward VII Stakes Ascot  1m 4f 3yo c&g
June Hardwicke Stakes Ascot  1m 4f 4yo+
July Lancashire Oaks Haydock  1m 3f 200y 3yo+ f
July July Stakes Newmarket  6f 2yo c&g
July Princess of Wales's Stakes Newmarket  1m 4f 3yo+
July Cherry Hinton Stakes Newmarket  6f 2yo f
July Superlative Stakes Newmarket  7f 2yo
July Summer Mile Stakes Ascot  1m 4yo+
July York Stakes York  1m 2f 88y 3yo+
July / Aug Lennox Stakes Goodwood  7f 3yo+
July / Aug Vintage Stakes Goodwood  7f 2yo
July / Aug King George Stakes Goodwood  5f 3yo+
July / Aug Goodwood Cup Goodwood  2m 3yo+
July / Aug Richmond Stakes Goodwood  6f 2yo c&g
August Hungerford Stakes Newbury  7f 3yo+
August Great Voltigeur Stakes York  1m 4f 3yo c&g
August Lonsdale Cup York  2m 88y 3yo+
August Gimcrack Stakes York  6f 2yo c&g
August Lowther Stakes York  6f 2yo f
August Celebration Mile Goodwood  1m 3yo+
September Park Hill Stakes Doncaster  1m 6f 132y 3yo+ f
September Flying Childers Stakes Doncaster  5f 2yo
September Doncaster Cup Doncaster  2m 2f 3yo+
September May Hill Stakes Doncaster  1m 2yo f
September Champagne Stakes Doncaster  7f 2yo c&g
September Park Stakes Doncaster  7f 3yo+
September Mill Reef Stakes Newbury  6f 8y 2yo
Sept / Oct Joel Stakes Newmarket  1m 3yo+
September Royal Lodge Stakes Newmarket  1m 2yo c&g
October Challenge Stakes Newmarket  7f 3yo+
October Rockfel Stakes Newmarket  7f 2yo f
October British Champions Sprint Stakes Ascot  6f 3yo+
October British Champions Fillies & Mares Stakes Ascot  1m 4f 3yo+ f

Group 3

March Winter Derby Lingfield  1m 2f 4yo+
April Nell Gwyn Stakes Newmarket  7f 3yo f
April Craven Stakes Newmarket  1m 3yo c&g
April Earl of Sefton Stakes Newmarket  1m 1f 4yo+
April John Porter Stakes Newbury  1m 4f 5y 4yo+
April Fred Darling Stakes Newbury  7f 3yo f
April Greenham Stakes Newbury  7f 3yo c&g
April Gordon Richards Stakes Sandown  1m 2f 7y 4yo+
April Sandown Classic Trial Sandown  1m 2f 7y 3yo
April / May Sagaro Stakes Ascot  2m 4yo+
April / May Palace House Stakes Newmarket  5f 3yo+
April / May Dahlia Stakes Newmarket  1m 1f 4yo+ f
May Huxley Stakes Chester  1m 2f 75y 4yo+
May Chester Vase Chester  1m 4f 66y 3yo c&g
May Dee Stakes Chester  1m 2f 75y 3yo c&g
May Ormonde Stakes Chester  1m 5f 89y 4yo+
May Chartwell Fillies' Stakes Lingfield  7f 3yo+ f
May Lingfield Derby Trial Lingfield  1m 3f 106y 3yo c&g
May Musidora Stakes York  1m 2f 88y 3yo f
May / June Brigadier Gerard Stakes Sandown  1m 2f 7y 4yo+
May / June John of Gaunt Stakes Haydock  7f 4yo+
June Princess Elizabeth Stakes Epsom  1m 114y 3yo+ f
June Diomed Stakes Epsom  1m 114y 3yo+
June Jersey Stakes Ascot  7f 3yo
June Tercentenary Stakes Ascot  1m 2f 3yo
June Albany Stakes Ascot  6f 2yo f
June Queen's Vase Ascot  2m 3yo
June / July Chipchase Stakes Newcastle  6f 3yo+
June / July Criterion Stakes Newmarket  7f 3yo+
July Sprint Stakes Sandown  5f 6y 3yo+
July Bahrain Trophy Newmarket  1m 5f 3yo
July Summer Stakes York  6f 3yo+ f
July Hackwood Stakes Newbury  6f 8y 3yo+
July Princess Margaret Stakes Ascot  6f 2yo f
July / Aug Gordon Stakes Goodwood  1m 4f 3yo
July / Aug Molecomb Stakes Goodwood  5f 2yo
July / Aug Lillie Langtry Stakes Goodwood  1m 6f 3yo+ f
July / Aug Glorious Stakes Goodwood  1m 4f 4yo+
July / Aug Oak Tree Stakes Goodwood  7f 3yo+ f
August Rose of Lancaster Stakes Haydock  1m 2f 95y 3yo+
August Sweet Solera Stakes Newmarket  7f 2yo f
August Sovereign Stakes Salisbury  1m 3yo+ c&g
August Geoffrey Freer Stakes Newbury  1m 5f 61y 3yo+
August Acomb Stakes York  7f 2yo
August Strensall Stakes York  1m 208y 3yo+
August Solario Stakes Sandown  7f 16y 2yo
August Prestige Stakes Goodwood  7f 2yo f
August Winter Hill Stakes Windsor  1m 2f 7y 3yo+
Aug / Sept Supreme Stakes Goodwood  7f 3yo+
September September Stakes Kempton  1m 4f 3yo+
September Sirenia Stakes Kempton  6f 2yo
September Sceptre Stakes Doncaster  7f 3yo+ f
September Select Stakes Goodwood  1m 1f 192y 3yo+
September Arc Trial Newbury  1m 3f 5y 3yo+
September Firth of Clyde Stakes Ayr  6f 2yo f
September World Trophy Newbury  5f 34y 3yo+
Sept / Oct Somerville Tattersall Stakes Newmarket  7f 2yo c&g
Sept / Oct Oh So Sharp Stakes Newmarket  7f 2yo f
October Cornwallis Stakes Ascot  5f 2yo
October Cumberland Lodge Stakes Ascot  1m 4f 3yo+
October Bengough Stakes Ascot  6f 3yo+
October Autumn Stakes Newmarket  1m 2yo
October Darley Stakes Newmarket  1m 1f 3yo+
October British Champions Long Distance Cup Ascot  2m 3yo+
October Horris Hill Stakes Newbury  7f 2yo c&g
October St. Simon Stakes Newbury  1m 4f 5y 3yo+

Notable Handicaps

March / April Lincoln Handicap Doncaster  1m 4yo+
March / April Rosebery Stakes Kempton  1m 2f 4yo+
April European Free Handicap Newmarket  7f 3yo
April / May Victoria Cup Ascot  7f 4yo+
May Chester Cup Chester  2m 2f 147y 4yo+
May Silver Bowl Haydock  1m 30y 3yo
May / June Zetland Gold Cup Redcar  1m 2f 3yo+
June Royal Hunt Cup Ascot  1m 3yo+
June Wokingham Stakes Ascot  6f 3yo+
June / July Northumberland Plate Newcastle  2m 19y 3yo+
July Old Newton Cup Haydock  1m 3f 200y 3yo+
July Bunbury Cup Newmarket  7f 3yo+
July John Smith's Cup York  1m 2f 88y 3yo+
July / Aug Stewards' Cup Goodwood  6f 3yo+
August Great St. Wilfrid Stakes Ripon  6f 3yo+
August Ebor Handicap York  1m 6f 3yo+
September Portland Handicap Doncaster  5f 140y 3yo+
September Ayr Gold Cup Ayr  6f 3yo+
Sept / Oct Cambridgeshire Handicap Newmarket  1m 1f 3yo+
October Cesarewitch Handicap Newmarket  2m 2f 3yo+
November November Handicap Doncaster  1m 4f 3yo+

Selected other races

March / April Easter Stakes Kempton  1m 3yo c&g
April Feilden Stakes Newmarket  1m 1f 3yo
April Abernant Stakes Newmarket  6f 3yo+
April Leicestershire Stakes Leicester  7f 9y 4yo+
April Investec Derby Trial Epsom  1m 2f 18y 3yo
April / May Newmarket Stakes Newmarket  1m 2f 3yo c
April / May Pretty Polly Stakes Newmarket  1m 2f 3yo f
May Cheshire Oaks Chester  1m 3f 79y 3yo f
May Lingfield Oaks Trial Lingfield  1m 3f 106y 3yo f
May Fillies' Trial Stakes Newbury  1m 2f 6y 3yo f
May Cocked Hat Stakes Goodwood  1m 3f 3yo c&g
May Height of Fashion Stakes Goodwood  1m 1f 192y 3yo f
May Heron Stakes Sandown  1m 14y 3yo
May Fairway Stakes Newmarket  1m 2f 3yo
June Chesham Stakes Ascot  7f 2yo
June Queen Alexandra Stakes Ascot  2m 5f 159y 4yo+
July Glasgow Stakes Hamilton  1m 3f 16y 3yo
July Weatherbys Super Sprint Newbury  5f 34y 2yo
July Winkfield Stakes Ascot  7f 2yo
August Washington Singer Stakes Newbury  7f 2yo
August March Stakes Goodwood  1m 6f 3yo+
September Stardom Stakes Goodwood  7f 2yo
September Haynes, Hanson and Clark Stakes Newbury  1m 2yo
October Silver Tankard Stakes Pontefract  1m 4y 2yo
Oct / Nov Zetland Stakes Newmarket  1m 2f 2yo


April 1986 1,000 Guineas Trial Stakes Salisbury  7f 3yo f
April 1986 2,000 Guineas Trial Stakes Salisbury  7f 3yo c&g
April 1993 White Rose Stakes Ascot  1m 2f 3yo
July 2005 Golden Daffodil Stakes Chepstow  1m 2f 36y 3yo+ f
July 2005 Scottish Derby Ayr  1m 2f 3yo+
July 1999 Beeswing Stakes Newcastle  7f 3yo+
Aug 1985 Seaton Delaval Stakes Newcastle  7f 2yo
† Distances in miles, furlongs and yards


Wagering money on horse races is as old as the sport itself, but in the United Kingdom the links between horseracing and nationwide wagering are very strong. "Betting shops" are common sights in most towns, tending to be sited wherever a significant number of people with disposable cash can be expected. At one point in the 1970s it was said that the ideal location was "close to a pub, the Labour Exchange and the Post Office", the first being a source of customers in a good mood, the other two being sources of ready cash in the form of "The Dole" and state pension money, which was dispensed through Post Offices at the time.
Betting is taxed under the authority of various acts of Parliament, the revenue being collected by the Horserace Betting Levy Board, a "non-departmental public body" sponsored by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport. According to the Board website,[6] 90% of the tax raised by the levy is used for the improvement of horseracing, the rest presumably being absorbed by the Board's expenses. For the latest year reported, the levy resulted in £103.5 million being collected.
Member of Parliament Clement Freud, who himself has owned racehorses, alleged in an article published in the 1970s, before his election to Parliament, that horseracing was organized purely to generate taxes. He cited the large number of otherwise non-viable racecourses kept open (to ensure sufficient races being run) even as the financial rewards to the owners and trainers declined to the point where most could barely cover their expenses.
On 6 October 2001 the Government abolished the tax on betting, which had been 9% of the stake or the winnings, the punter having the choice to pay a certain small amount or an uncertain large amount. The tax is now effectively indirectly levied on the punters, the cost being absorbed in the odds that bookmakers offer.
The last 10 years in the UK, has seen massive growth in online gambling. Punters are now going online to place their bets, where technology gives them access to a greater wealth of information and knowledge. Now racing punters exchange information on online forums, tipping sites etc.
Racehorse welfare

A 2006 investigation by The Observer found that each year 6-10,000 horses are slaughtered for consumption abroad, a significant proportion of which are horses bred for racing. [7] The industry produces approximately 5,000 foals, whilst 4-5,000 racehorses are retired each year, 90 being taken into care by the industries charity Retraining of Racehorses. [7] Research conducted by the Equine Fertility Unit found that 66% of thoroughbred foals were never entered for a race, and more than 80% were no longer in training after four years. [7] Foal production has increased threefold since 1966. [7] Racehorses are capable of living for more than 30 years on average. [7]

The main meetings held are:
Cheltenham - The Cheltenham Festival
Lingfield Park - Bet Direct Winter Derby
Aintree - Aintree Grand National Meeting
Ayr - Scottish Grand National
Newmarket - Craven Meeting
Sandown Park - Bet365 Gold Cup Celebration
Newmarket - Guineas Meeting
Chester - May Meeting
York - Dante Meeting
Epsom Downs - Epsom Derby Meeting
Ascot - Royal Ascot
Newcastle - John Smith's Northumberland Plate
Sandown Park - Coral-Eclipse Meeting
Newmarket - July Meeting
Ascot - King George Day
Goodwood - Glorious Goodwood
York - Ebor Festival
Haydock Park - William Hill Sprint Cup
Doncaster - St. Leger Meeting
Ayr - Western Meeting
Ascot - Ascot Festival
Newmarket - Totesport Cambridgeshire Meeting
Newmarket - October Meeting
Doncaster - Racing Post Trophy
Cheltenham - The Paddy Power Open
Haydock & Aintree - North West Masters
Newbury - Hennessy Meeting
Sandown Park - Tingle Creek Meeting
Kempton Park - Stan James Christmas Festival
Chepstow - Coral Welsh National
See also

Racing Post
The Sportsman
The Sporting Life
The Sporting Times
Horseracing in Scotland
Horse racing in Wales

National Hunt
Aintree · Bangor-on-Dee · Cartmel · Cheltenham · Exeter · Fakenham · Fontwell Park · Hereford · Hexham · Huntingdon · Kelso · Ludlow · Market Rasen · Newton Abbot · Perth · Plumpton · Sedgefield · Stratford-on-Avon · Taunton · Towcester · Uttoxeter · Wetherby · Wincanton · Worcester
Bath · Beverley · Brighton · Chester · Epsom Downs · Goodwood · Great Yarmouth · Great Leighs (licence suspended) · Hamilton Park · Newmarket · Nottingham · Pontefract · Redcar · Ripon · Salisbury · Thirsk · Windsor · Wolverhampton · York
Ascot · Ayr · Carlisle · Catterick Bridge · Chepstow · Doncaster · Ffos Las · Folkestone · Haydock Park · Kempton Park · Leicester · Lingfield Park · Musselburgh · Newbury · Newcastle · Sandown Park · Southwell · Warwick
Named races

British Horseracing Authority

British flat racing Champion Trainer

This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2006)
The Champion Trainer of flat racing in Great Britain is the trainer whose horses have won the most prize money during a season. The list below shows the Champion Trainer for each year since 1896.
1896 - Alfred Hayhoe
1897 - Richard Marsh
1898 - Richard Marsh
1899 - John Porter
1900 - Richard Marsh
1901 - John Huggins
1902 - Bob Sievier
1903 - George Blackwell
1904 - Peter Gilpin
1905 - Jack Robinson
1906 - George Lambton
1907 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1908 - Charles Morton
1909 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1910 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1911 - George Lambton
1912 - George Lambton
1913 - Richard Wootton
1914 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1915 - Charles Peck
1916 - Dick Dawson
1917 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1918 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1919 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1920 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1921 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1922 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1923 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1924 - Dick Dawson
1925 - Alec Taylor, Jr.
1926 - Fred Darling
1927 - Frank Butters
1928 - Frank Butters
1929 - Dick Dawson
1930 - Atty Persse
1931 - Joe Lawson
1932 - Frank Butters
1933 - Fred Darling
1934 - Frank Butters
1935 - Frank Butters
1936 - Joe Lawson
1937 - Cecil Boyd-Rochfort
1938 - Cecil Boyd-Rochfort
1939 - Jack Jarvis
1940 - Fred Darling
1941 - Fred Darling
1942 - Fred Darling
1943 - Walter Nightingall
1944 - Frank Butters
1945 - Walter Earl
1946 - Frank Butters
1947 - Fred Darling
1948 - Noel Murless
1949 - Frank Butters
1950 - Charles Semblat
1951 - Jack Jarvis
1952 - Marcus Marsh
1953 - Jack Jarvis
1954 - Cecil Boyd-Rochfort
1955 - Cecil Boyd-Rochfort
1956 - Charles Elsey
1957 - Noel Murless
1958 - Cecil Boyd-Rochfort
1959 - Noel Murless
1960 - Noel Murless
1961 - Noel Murless
1962 - Dick Hern
1963 - Paddy Prendergast
1964 - Paddy Prendergast
1965 - Paddy Prendergast
1966 - Vincent O'Brien
1967 - Noel Murless
1968 - Noel Murless
1969 - Arthur Budgett
1970 - Noel Murless
1971 - Ian Balding
1972 - Dick Hern
1973 - Noel Murless
1974 - Peter Walwyn
1975 - Peter Walwyn
1976 - Henry Cecil
1977 - Vincent O'Brien
1978 - Henry Cecil
1979 - Henry Cecil
1980 - Dick Hern
1981 - Michael Stoute
1982 - Henry Cecil
1983 - Dick Hern
1984 - Henry Cecil
1985 - Henry Cecil
1986 - Michael Stoute
1987 - Henry Cecil
1988 - Henry Cecil
1989 - Michael Stoute
1990 - Henry Cecil
1991 - Paul Cole
1992 - Richard Hannon
1993 - Henry Cecil
1994 - Michael Stoute
1995 - John Dunlop
1996 - Saeed bin Suroor
1997 - Michael Stoute
1998 - Saeed bin Suroor
1999 - Saeed bin Suroor
2000 - Sir Michael Stoute
2001 - Aidan O'Brien
2002 - Aidan O'Brien
2003 - Sir Michael Stoute
2004 - Saeed bin Suroor
2005 - Sir Michael Stoute
2006 - Sir Michael Stoute
2007 - Aidan O'Brien
2008 - Aidan O'Brien
2009 - Sir Michael Stoute
2010 - Richard Hannon

British flat racing Champion Jockey
British flat racing Champion Apprentice
British flat racing Champion Owner
British jump racing Champion Trainer
Leading sire in Great Britain & Ireland

This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2006)
The Champion Trainer of National Hunt racing in Great Britain is the trainer whose horses have won the most prizemoney during a season. The list below shows the Champion Trainer for each season since 1945-46.
1945-46 - Tommy Rayson
1946-47 - Fulke Walwyn
1947-48 - Fulke Walwyn
1948-49 - Fulke Walwyn
1949-50 - Peter Cazalet
1950-51 - Fred Rimell
1951-52 - Neville Crump
1952-53 - Vincent O'Brien
1953-54 - Vincent O'Brien
1954-55 - Ryan Price
1955-56 - William Hall
1956-57 - Neville Crump
1957-58 - Fulke Walwyn
1958-59 - Ryan Price
1959-60 - Peter Cazalet
1960-61 - Fred Rimell
1961-62 - Ryan Price
1962-63 - Keith Piggott
1963-64 - Fulke Walwyn
1964-65 - Peter Cazalet
1965-66 - Ryan Price
1966-67 - Ryan Price
1967-68 - Denys Smith
1968-69 - Fred Rimell
1969-70 - Fred Rimell
1970-71 - Fred Winter
1971-72 - Fred Winter
1972-73 - Fred Winter
1973-74 - Fred Winter
1974-75 - Fred Winter
1975-76 - Fred Rimell
1976-77 - Fred Winter
1977-78 - Fred Winter
1978-79 - Peter Easterby
1979-80 - Peter Easterby
1980-81 - Peter Easterby
1981-82 - Michael Dickinson
1982-83 - Michael Dickinson
1983-84 - Michael Dickinson
1984-85 - Fred Winter
1985-86 - Nicky Henderson
1986-87 - Nicky Henderson
1987-88 - David Elsworth
1988-89 - Martin Pipe
1989-90 - Martin Pipe
1990-91 - Martin Pipe
1991-92 - Martin Pipe
1992-93 - Martin Pipe
1993-94 - David Nicholson
1994-95 - David Nicholson
1995-96 - Martin Pipe
1996-97 - Martin Pipe
1997-98 - Martin Pipe
1998-99 - Martin Pipe
1999-00 - Martin Pipe
2000-01 - Martin Pipe
2001-02 - Martin Pipe
2002-03 - Martin Pipe
2003-04 - Martin Pipe
2004-05 - Martin Pipe
2005-06 - Paul Nicholls
2006-07 - Paul Nicholls
2007-08 - Paul Nicholls
2008-09 - Paul Nicholls
List of jockeys

List of notable jockeys, both male and female, covering jockeys who compete worldwide in all forms of horse racing.

Fred Archer
Goncalino Almeida
Robby Albarado
Anna Lee Aldred
Kim Andersen
Chris Antley
Eddie Arcaro
Fred Archer
Cash Asmussen

Calvin Borel
Jerry Bailey
Michael Baze
Russell Baze
Tyler Baze
Terry Biddlecombe
Dominique Boeuf
Calvin Borel
Glen Boss
Opie Bosson
Darryl Bradley
Scobie Breasley
Paddy Brennan (jockey)

Dennis Carr
Willie Carson
G. R. Carter
Jesus Castanon
Javier Castellano
Eddie Castro
Steve Cauthen
Eibar Coa
Ray Cochrane
David Cohen
Angel Cordero Jr.
Jean Cruguet
Jim Culloty
Luke Currie
Diane Crump
Anthony S. Cruz

Frankie Dettori
John R. Davila Jr.
Robbie Davis
Jacqueline Davis
Pat Day
Eddie Delahoussaye
Kent Desormeaux
Frankie Dettori
Ramon Dominguez
Steve Donoghue
Richard Dunwoody
Mark Du Plessis
Shane Dye
Martin Dwyer

Masayoshi Ebina
Pat Eddery
Stewart Elliott

Kieren Fallon
David Romero Flores
Jeremias Flores

Alan Garcia
Barry Geraghty
Garrett Gomez
Aaron Gryder

Bill Hartack
Sandy Hawley
Roy Higgins
Michael Hills
Richard Hills
Darryll Holland
Richard Hughes
Patrick Husbands
Simon Husbands

Yasunari Iwata

Richard Johnson
Billy Jacobson

Julie Krone
Willy Kan
Inez Karlsson
Michael Kinane
Julie Krone

Carlos Lavor
Lucien Laurin
Graham Lee
Julien Leparoux
Jose Lezcano
Christophe Lemaire
Johnny Loftus
Johnny Longden
Paco Lopez
Frederic Lenclud
Michael Luzzi

Tony McCoy
Jason Maguire
Rajiv Maragh
Chris McCarron
Tony McCoy
James McDonald
Joe Mercer
Richard Migliore
Kirsty Milczarek
George Moore
Jamie Moore
Ryan Moore
Isaac Murphy
Johnny Murtagh
Harold Russell Maddock

Corey Nakatani

Damien Oliver

Stéphane Pasquier
T. J. Pereira
Olivier Peslier
Julio Pezua
Lester Piggott
Laffit Pincay Jr.
Red Pollard
Edgar Prado
Brenton Primmer

Jorge Ricardo
Sir Gordon Richards
Jeremy Rose
Katri Rosendahl
Michael Roberts
Philip Robinson
Wilfredo Rohena
Randy Romero
Chris Russell
Davy Russell
Joel Rosario

Gabriel Saez
Yves Saint-Martin
Jean Luc Samyn
Emanuel Jose Sanchez
Jose Santos
Yoshitomi Shibata
Blake Shinn
Bill Shoemaker
Eurico Rosa da Silva
Willie Simms
Rolanda Simpson
Doug Smith
Mike E. Smith
Pat Smullen
Alex Solis
Christophe Soumillon
Jamie Spencer
Greville Starkey
Gary Stevens
Maylan Studart
Chantal Sutherland
Walter Swinburn

Joe Talamo
Brian Taylor
Koshiro Take
Yutaka Take
Andrew Thornton
Ron Turcotte
Hayley Turner
Liam Treadwell
Sam Twiston-Davies
Sam Thomas
Willie Twiston-Davies

Bobby Ussery
Grenville Underwood

Pat Valenzuela
Jacinto Vasquez
Cornelio Velásquez
John R. Velazquez

Michael Walker
Ruby Walsh
Oscar Wells
Evan Williams
Fred Winter
Hedley Woodhouse
George Woolf
Harry Wragg

Chin Yang

type: World
period: 21st Century

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