1799 Half British PennyKing George III
Two Hundred and Fourteen year old British Half Penny
In Good Condition given it is over 200 years old
You will not get the one in the photos but one of similar grade
Would make an Excellent Lucky Charm or Collectible Keepsake Souvenir
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The British decimal one penny (1p) coin, produced by the Royal Mint, was issued on 15 February 1971, the day the British currency was decimalised. In practice, it had been available from banks in bags of £1 for some weeks previously. The coin, known at first as a "new penny", was initially minted from bronze, but since 1992 it has been minted in copper-plated steel. As this is less dense than bronze, post-1992 coins have been slightly thicker, as well as becoming magnetic. The coin weighs 3.56 grams (approximately one eighth of an ounce) and has a diameter of 20.32 millimetres.
The penny is one hundredth fraction of a pound: one hundred pence sterling is one pound sterling.
One penny and two pence coins are legal tender only up to the sum of 20p; this means that it is permissible to refuse payment of sums greater than this amount in 1p and 2p coins in order to settle a debt.
As of 30 March 2010 there were an estimated 11,215 million 1p coins in circulation.
Soaring copper prices in the mid-2000s caused the value of the copper in the pre-1992 coins (which are 97% copper) to exceed the coins' face value. For example, in May 2006, the intrinsic metal value of a pre-1992 1p coin was about 1.5 pence. During 2008, the value of copper fell dramatically from these peaks.
Value 1 penny sterling
Mass 3.56 g
Diameter 20.00 mm
Thickness (Bronze) 1.52 mm
(Steel) 1.65 mm
Composition Bronze (1971–1991)
Copper-plated steel (1992–)
Years of minting 1971–present
Catalog number —
Design Queen Elizabeth II
Designer Ian Rank-Broadley
Design date 1998
Design Segment of the Royal Shield
Designer Matthew Dent
Design date 2008
One penny Two pence Five pence Ten pence Twenty pence Fifty pence One pound Two pounds
Commemorative and bullion
Twenty-five pence Five pounds Maundy money Quarter sovereign Half sovereign Sovereign Britannia
Quarter-farthing Third-farthing Half-farthing Farthing Halfpenny Penny Threepence Groat Sixpence One shilling Two shillings (florin) Half crown Double florin (four shillings) Crown Half guinea Guinea
Pound sterling Coins of the pound sterling List of British banknotes and coins Scottish coinage Coins of Ireland List of people on coins of the United Kingdom
The change in dynasty did not affect the form of the design of the silver penny — a 12 mm diameter coin weighing 0.5 gram, with a right-facing bust of George I and the inscription GEORGIVS DEI GRA continuing onto the other side with MAG BR FR ET HIB REX date around the crowned "I". Pennies were minted in 1716, 1718, 1720, 1723, 1725, 1726, and 1727.
In 1727 George II ascended the throne, where he was to remain until 1760. While for the sixpence and larger silver coins an older bust of the king was used from 1743 onwards, the small silver coins continued to use a young portrait of him throughout his reign. The penny had a left-facing bust of George II and the inscription GEORGIVS II DEI GRATIA continuing onto the other side with MAG BRI FR ET HIB REX date around the crowned "I". Pennies were minted in 1729, 1731, 1732, 1735, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1743, 1746, 1750, 1752–1760. For seven of the eight years between 1750 and 1758 the silver penny was the only one of the small silver coins (1d, 2d, 3d, 4d) produced; this fact, coupled with the good condition of most pennies of those years which have come to our time, suggests that they were mainly used for Maundy money.
In the long reign of King George III, (1760–1820), the design of the silver penny changed subtly several times, with three obverses and five reverses. No silver pennies were minted at all between 1800 and 1817. The first obverse, showing a right-facing bust of the king, with the inscription GEORGIVS III DEI GRATIA, was used in 1763, 1766, 1770, 1772, 1776, 1779, 1780, 1781, 1784, and 1786; the second obverse, showing an older bust of the king and the same inscription, was used in 1792, 1795, and 1800, while the third, laureated bust of the king with the inscription GEORGIUS III DEI GRATIA date was used in 1817, 1818 and 1820. The first reverse, used until 1780, showed the crowned "I" in high relief, with the inscription MAG BRI FR ET HIB REX date across the crown; the second reverse, used until 1786, was similar but in lower relief, the "I" being much flatter; the third reverse, used in 1792 only, was completely redesigned with a much smaller "I" under a smaller crown with the inscription running around the crown, with the same legend as before. The fourth reverse, used in 1795 and 1800 was similar to the first but with a redesigned crown. The fifth reverse, used from 1817 onwards, showed the crowned "I" with the inscription BRITANNIARUM REX FID DEF date. From 1817 onwards, the diameter of the coin was reduced from 14 to 11 millimetres, although the weight remained the same.
By the start of the reign of George IV (1820–1830) the silver penny was exclusively being used for Maundy money, for which purpose it is still being coined today. For the further history of the silver penny from 1822 to date, please see Maundy money.
Reverses of (left) a "cartwheel" penny of 1797; (right) a penny of 1967
As can be seen from the minting dates given above, there was a great shortage of government-issued small change in George III's reign. The situation was so bad that a great many merchants and mining companies issued their own copper tokens e.g. the Parys Mining Company on Anglesey issued huge numbers of tokens, although their acceptability was strictly limited. In 1797 Matthew Boulton was authorised by the government to strike copper pennies and twopences at his Soho Mint, in Birmingham; the time was not yet right for a token coinage, so they actually had to contain one or two pence worth of copper, i.e. they weighed one and two ounces each (penny — 28.3 grams, diameter 36 millimetres). The large size of the coins, combined with the thick rim where the inscription was incuse i.e. punched into the metal rather than standing proud of it, led to the coins being nicknamed Cartwheels. (If this sounds unwieldy, compare it to the Swedish 8 Daler plate money piece of the mid-17th century, which contained 35 kilograms of copper! Unsurprisingly, Sweden became the first European country to issue paper money, in 1661). The obverse of the Cartwheel coinage is a rather fine laureated right-facing bust of George III, with the inscription GEORGIUS III D G REX, while the reverse showed the seated Britannia, facing left, holding an olive branch and trident with the inscription BRITANNIA 1797 — although it appears that coins were minted for several years, but all with the 1797 date.
In 1806 and 1807, another 150 tons of copper was coined into pennies at the Soho Mint, although this time the money was a token coinage with each penny only containing 18.9 grams of copper and being 34 millimetres in diameter. These were more conventionally-designed coins, with a right facing bust of the king and ordinary inscription GEORGIUS III D G REX date, and the obverse showing the seated Britannia facing left, with olive branch and trident and the inscription BRITANNIA. There is one unique penny coin known which is dated 1808, but this is thought to have been a proof.
At the beginning of the Great Recoinage of 1816 only silver coins were produced. The copper penny was only minted in three years, 1825–7, and the minting of copper coins in 1825 was only authorised on 14 November of that year. The entire mintage consignment of 1827 pennies was allocated for despatch to Australia for the prison camps (Botany Bay Penal Colony). The shipment of coins (they were held in wooden crates) became badly corroded by salt water with literally only a handful surviving undamaged. Most suffered from corrosion and verdigris. It is because of this that the 1827 copper penny is extremely rare in mint state with only 2 known worldwide despite nearly 1.5 million struck.
The obverse of George IV's penny shows a rather fine left-facing laureated head engraved by William Wyon after the king expressed a dislike for the one engraved by Benedetto Pistrucci which was used on the farthing, inscribed GEORGIUS IV DEI GRATIA date, while the reverse shows a right-facing seated Britannia with a shield and trident, inscribed BRITANNIAR REX FID DEF. The penny at this time weighed 18.8 grams and had a diameter of 34 millimetres.
The pennies of King William IV (1830–1837) are very similar to his predecessors', also being engraved by William Wyon. The king's head faces right, inscribed GULIELMUS IIII DEI GRATIA date, while the reverse is identical to the George IV penny. Pennies were minted in 1831, 1834, and 1837 (there is a report of a single example dated 1836, but this is regarded as semi-mythical). The small mintages of William's pennies makes finding a nice one very difficult.
At the Soho Mint, James Watt and Matthew Boulton used their steam-powered coin presses to make twopence coins in addition to the "cartwheel" pennies described above. These 2d coins weigh exactly 2 ounces (56.699 g), making them the heaviest British coins for ordinary circulation, and are approximately 41 millimetres (1.6 in) diameter by 5 millimetres (0.20 in) thick. 722,160 were minted, all bearing the 1797 date. The obverse reads GEORGIUS III • D:G • REX. and the reverse BRITANNIA. 1797
George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of these two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg ("Hanover") in the Holy Roman Empire until his promotion to King of Hanover on 12 October 1814. He was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two Hanoverian predecessors he was born in Britain, spoke English as his first language, and never visited Hanover.
His life and reign, which were longer than those of any previous British monarch, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, and places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of its American colonies were soon lost in the American War of Independence. Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
In the later part of his life, George III suffered from recurrent, and eventually permanent, mental illness. Medical practitioners were baffled by this at the time, although it has since been suggested that he suffered from the blood disease porphyria. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established, and George III's eldest son, George, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent. On George III's death, the Prince Regent succeeded his father as George IV.
Historical analysis of George III's life has gone through a "kaleidoscope of changing views" that have depended heavily on the prejudices of his biographers and the sources available to them. Until re-assessment occurred during the second half of the twentieth century, his reputation in America was one of a tyrant and in Britain he became "the scapegoat for the failure of imperialism". He is often remembered as "The Mad King" and "The King Who Lost America"
King of Great Britain and Ireland later
King of the United Kingdom and of Hanover (more...)
Reign 25 October 1760 – 29 January 1820
Coronation 22 September 1761
Predecessor George II
Successor George IV
Regent George, Prince Regent (1811–1820)
Consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Prince Frederick, Duke of York
Charlotte, Princess Royal, Queen of Württemberg
Prince Edward, Duke of Kent
Princess Augusta Sophia
Princess Elizabeth, Landgravine of Hesse-Homburg
Ernest Augustus I of Hanover
Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex
Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge
Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester
George William Frederick
House House of Hanover
Father Frederick, Prince of Wales
Mother Augusta of Saxe-Gotha
Born 4 June 1738 [N.S.]
Norfolk House, St. James's Square, London
Died 29 January 1820 (aged 81)
Burial 16 February 1820
St. George's Chapel, Windsor Castle
English, Scottish and British monarchs
Monarchs of England before 1603 Monarchs of Scotland before 1603
Æthelstan Edmund the Magnificent Eadred Eadwig Edgar the Peaceful Edward the Martyr Æthelred the Unready Sweyn Forkbeard Edmund Ironside Cnut the Great Harold Harefoot Harthacnut Edward the Confessor Harold Godwinson Edgar the Ætheling William I William II Henry I Stephen Matilda Henry II Henry the Young King Richard I John Henry III Edward I Edward II Edward III Richard II Henry IV Henry V Henry VI Edward IV Edward V Richard III Henry VII Henry VIII Edward VI Jane Mary I and Philip Elizabeth I
Kenneth I MacAlpin Donald I Constantine I Áed Giric Eochaid Donald II Constantine II Malcolm I Indulf Dub Cuilén Amlaíb Kenneth II Constantine III Kenneth III Malcolm II Duncan I Macbeth Lulach Malcolm III Canmore Donald III Duncan II Donald III Edgar Alexander I David I Malcolm IV William I Alexander II Alexander III Margaret First Interregnum John Second Interregnum Robert I David II Edward Robert II Robert III James I James II James III James IV James V Mary I James VI
Monarchs of England and Scotland after the Union of the Crowns in 1603
James I & VI Charles I Commonwealth Charles II James II & VII Mary II and William III & II Anne
British monarchs after the Acts of Union 1707
Anne George I George II George III George IV William IV Victoria Edward VII George V Edward VIII George VI Elizabeth II
Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics.
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Frederick (1726–1751) George (1751–1760) William Henry (1764–1805) William Frederick (1805–1834) Alfred (1866-1900) Philip (1947-present)
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The generations indicate descent from George I, who formalised the use of the titles prince and princess for members of the British Royal Family.
King George II
Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales Prince George William Prince William, Duke of Cumberland
King George III Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh Prince Henry, Duke of Cumberland and Strathearn Prince Frederick
King George IV Prince Frederick, Duke of York and Albany King William IV Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn King Ernest Augustus I of Hanover Prince Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge Prince Octavius Prince Alfred Prince William, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh
Prince Albert, Prince Consort King George V of Hanover Prince George, Duke of Cambridge
King Edward VII Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany Prince Ernest Augustus, Crown Prince of Hanover
Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale King George V Prince John of Wales Prince Alfred, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Arthur of Connaught Prince Charles Edward, Duke of Albany and of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince George William of Hanover Prince Christian of Hanover Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Brunswick
King Edward VII King George VI Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester Prince George, Duke of Kent Prince John Alastair Windsor, 2nd Duke of Connaught and Strathearn John Leopold, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Hubertus of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Prince Ernest Augustus of Hanover Prince George William of Hanover
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Prince William of Gloucester Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester Prince Edward, Duke of Kent Prince Michael of Kent
Prince Charles, Prince of Wales Prince Andrew, Duke of York Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Prince William, Duke of Cambridge Prince Harry of Wales James, Viscount Severn
1 Not a British prince by birth, but created Prince Consort. 2 Not a British prince by birth, but created a Prince of the United Kingdom.
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Princes of Wales
Edward (1301–1307) Edward (1343–1376) Richard (1376–1377) Henry (1399–1413) Edward (1454–1471) Edward (1471–1483) Edward (1483–1484) Arthur (1489–1502) Henry (1504–1509) Edward (1537–1547) Henry (1610–1612) Charles (1616–1625) Charles (1641–1649) James (1688) George (1714–1727) Frederick (1729–1751) George (1751–1760) George (1762–1820) Albert Edward (1841–1901) George (1901–1910) Edward (1910–1936) Charles (1958–present)
See also: Prince of Wales's feathers
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Rulers of Hanover
Electors of Hanover
Ernest Augustus (Elector-designate) George I Louis* George II* George III*
Kings of Hanover
George III* George IV* William IV* Ernest Augustus I George V
* Also monarch of Great Britain or the United Kingdom.
Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries: 17th century – 18th century – 19th century
Decades: 1760s 1770s 1780s – 1790s – 1800s 1810s 1820s
Years: 1796 1797 1798 – 1799 – 1800 1801 1802
1799 by topic:
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1799 in other calendars Gregorian calendar 1799
Ab urbe condita 2552
Armenian calendar 1248
Assyrian calendar 6549
Bahá'í calendar -45–-44
Bengali calendar 1206
Berber calendar 2749
British Regnal year 39 Geo. 3 – 40 Geo. 3
Buddhist calendar 2343
Burmese calendar 1161
Byzantine calendar 7307–7308
Chinese calendar ?????????
— to —
Coptic calendar 1515–1516
Ethiopian calendar 1791–1792
Hebrew calendar 5559–5560
- Vikram Samvat 1855–1856
- Shaka Samvat 1721–1722
- Kali Yuga 4900–4901
Holocene calendar 11799
- ?rí Ìgbò 799–800
Iranian calendar 1177–1178
Islamic calendar 1213–1214
Japanese calendar Kansei 11
Juche calendar N/A (before 1912)
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 11 days
Korean calendar 4132
Minguo calendar 113 before ROC
Thai solar calendar 2342
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: 1799
Year 1799 (MDCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar.
January 9 – British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger introduces an income tax of two shillings to the pound to raise funds for Great Britain's war effort in the Napoleonic Wars.
March 1 – Federalist James Ross becomes President Pro Tempore of the United States Senate.
March 3 – The Russo-Ottoman siege of Corfu ends with the surrender of the French garrison.
March 7 – Napoleon captures Jaffa in Palestine and his troops proceed to kill more than 2,000 Albanian captives.
March 29 – New York passes a law aimed at gradually abolishing slavery in the state.
May 4 – Battle of Seringapatam: Tippu Sultan is defeated and killed by the British.
May 21 – Siege of Acre ends after two months: Napoleon's attempt to widen his Middle Eastern campaign into Syria is frustrated by Ottoman forces, and he withdraws to Egypt.
May 27 – Battle of Winterthur: Habsburg forces secure control of north east Switzerland from the French Army of the Danube.
18 June – Action of 18 June 1799: a frigate squadron under Rear-admiral Perrée is captured by the British fleet under Lord Keith
The Rosetta Stone
July 7 – Ranjit Singh's men take their positions outside Lahore.
July 12 – Ranjit Singh captures Lahore from the Bhangi Misl, a key step in establishing the Sikh Empire and becoming Maharaja of the Punjab.
July 15 – In the Egyptian port city of Rosetta, French Captain Pierre Bouchard finds the Rosetta Stone.
July 25 – At Aboukir in Egypt, Napoleon defeats 10,000 Ottoman Mamluk troops under Mustafa Pasha.
August 27 – War of the Second Coalition: Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland – Britain and Russia send an expedition to the Batavian Republic.
August 30 – Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland: Vlieter Incident: A squadron of the Batavian Republic's navy, commanded by Rear-Admiral Samuel Story, surrenders to the British Royal Navy under Sir Ralph Abercromby and Admiral Sir Charles Mitchell near Wieringen without joining action.
October 6 – Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland: Battle of Castricum – Franco-Dutch forces defeat the Russo-British expedition force.
October 9 – HMS Lutine (1779) (a famous treasure wreck) is sunk in the West Frisian Islands.
October 12 – Jeanne Geneviève Labrosse becomess the first woman to jump from a balloon with a parachute, from an altitude of 900 meters.
October 16 – Action of 16 October 1799: A Spanish treasure convoy worth more than £600,000 is captured by the British Royal Navy off Vigo.
October 18 – Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland: Anglo-Russian expedition forces surrender in North Holland.
November 9 (18 Brumaire) – Napoleon overthrows the French Directory in a coup d'état.
November 10 (19 Brumaire) – A remnant of the Council of Ancients in France abolishes the Constitution of the Year III, and ordains the French Consulate with Napoleon as First Consul with the Constitution of the Year VIII.
December 14 – George Washington, the first President of the United States, dies at Mount Vernon, Virginia.
The Place Royale in Paris is renamed Place des Vosges when the Department of Vosges becomes the first to pay new Revolutionary taxes.
Eli Whitney, holding a 1798 United States government contract for the manufacture of muskets, is introduced by Oliver Wolcott, Jr. to the French concept of interchangeable parts, an origin of the American system of manufacturing.
The small town of Tignish, PE, Canada is founded.
12-year-old Conrad John Reed finds what he describes as a "heavy yellow rock" along Little Meadow Creek in Cabarrus County, North Carolina and makes it a doorstop in his home. Conrad's father John Reed learns that the rock is actually gold in 1802, initiating the first gold rush in the United States.
The assassination of the 14th Tu'i Kanokupolu, Tuku?aho, plunges Tonga into half a century of civil war.
The Nawab (provincial governor) of Oudh in northern India sends to George III of England the Padshah Nama, an official history of the reign of Shah Jahan.
William Cockerill begins building cotton-spinning equipment in Belgium.
Dutch government takes over Dutch East India Company.
January 6 – Jedediah Smith, an American fur trapper and explorer (d. 1831)
January 31 – Rodolphe Töpffer, a Swiss teacher, author, and artist (d. 1846)
February 4 – Almeida Garrett, a Portuguese writer (d. 1854)
February 11 – Basil Moreau, the founder of the Congregation of Holy Cross (d. 1873)
February 14 – Walenty Wankowicz, a Polish painter (d. 1842)
February 27 – Edward Belcher, British admiral (d. 1877)
March 8 – Simon Cameron, an American politician (d. 1889)
March 20 – Karl August Nicander, a Swedish poet (d. 1839)
March 28 – Karl Adolph von Basedow, a German physician, noted for reporting the symptoms of the Graves-Basedow disease (d. 1854)
March 29 – Edward Smith-Stanley, 14th Earl of Derby, a Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1869)
April 12 – Henri Druey, a Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 1855)
April 17 – Eliza Acton, an English poet and cookery writer (d. 1859)
May 13 – Catherine Gore, an English author (d. 1861)
May 20 – Honoré de Balzac, a French author (d. 1850)
May 21 – Mary Anning, a British paleontologist (d. 1847)
May 25 – Alexei Lvov, a Russian composer (d. 1870)
June 6 – Aleksandr Pushkin, a Russian author (d. 1837)
June 18 – Prosper Ménière, a French physician (d. 1862)
July 4 – King Oscar I of Sweden and Norway (d. 1859)
September 8 – James Bowman Lindsay, a Scottish inventor (d. 1862)
September 10 – George Willison Adams, an American abolitionist (d. 1879)
November 1 – Thomas Baldwin Marsh, an American religious leader (d. 1866)
November 29 – Amos Bronson Alcott, the father of the novelist Louisa May Alcott (d. 1888)
December 30 – David Douglas, a Scottish botanist (d. 1834)
Patrick MacDowell, an Irish sculptor (d. 1870)
James Townsend Saward, an English barrister and forger
John Brown Russwurm, an American abolitionist (d. 1851)
January 9 – Maria Gaetana Agnesi, an Italian mathematician (b. 1718)
January 22 – Horace-Bénédict de Saussure, a Swiss aristocrat and alpinist (b. 1740)
February 6 – Étienne-Louis Boullée, a French architect (b. 1728)
February 7 – Qianlong Emperor of China (b. 1711)
February 12 – Lazzaro Spallanzani, an Italian biologist and physiologist (b. 1729)
February 16 – Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria (b. 1724)
February 19 – Jean-Charles de Borda, a French mathematician, physicist, political scientist, and sailor (b. 1733)
February 22 – Heshen, a Manchu official under Qianlong (b. 1750)
February 24 – Georg Christoph Lichtenberg, a German scientist, satirist, and Anglophile (b. 1742)
April 6 – Alexander Bezborodko, the Grand Chancellor of Russia and the architect of Catherine the Great's foreign policy (b. 1747)
May 2 – Guemes Padilla Horcasitas, the Viceroy of New Spain (b. 1740)
May 4 – Tipu Sultan, an Indian ruler (b. 1750)
May 18 – Pierre Beaumarchais, a French writer (b. 1732)
May 26 – James Burnett, Lord Monboddo, a Scottish jurist (b. 1714)
May 31 – Pierre Charles Le Monnier, a French astronomer (b. 1715)
June 6 – Patrick Henry, an American revolutionary politician and a Governor of Virginia (b. 1736)
June 10 – Chevalier de Saint-Georges, a French musician born on Guadeloupe (b. 1745)
June 30 – Francesco Caracciolo, a Neapolitan admiral and revolutionist (b. 1752)
July 7 – William Curtis, an English botanist and entomologist (b. 1746)
August 2 – Jacques Étienne Montgolfier, a French inventor of the hot-air balloon and a balloonist (b. 1744)
August 4 – John Bacon, a British sculptor (b. 1740)
August 5 – Richard Howe, a British admiral (b. 1726)
August 15 – Barthélemy Catherine Joubert, a French general (b. 1769)
August 29 – Pope Pius VI a Roman Catholic clergyman (b. 1717)
August 31 – Nicolas-Henri Jardin, a French architect (b. 1720)
September 7 – Jan Ingenhousz, a Dutch physician, physiologist, biologist, and chemist (b. 1730)
October 6 – William Withering, a British physician (b. 1741)
October 9 – Pigneau de Behaine, the French priest who helped to establish the Nguyen dynasty (b. 1741)
October 24 – Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf, an Austrian composer (b. 1739)
December 6 – Joseph Black, a Scottish physician, physicist, and chemist (b. 1728)
December 14 – George Washington, the military leader of the American Revolution, president of the Constitutional Convention (1787), and the first President of the United States (1789–97) (b. 1732)
December 31 – Jean-François Marmontel, a French historian and writer (b. 1723)
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era: Early Milled (c.1662-1816)
collections/ bulk lots: 1799 Half Penny
year of issue: 1799
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