perfect in every way -- certainly never played, possibly even still
sealed. (More on still sealed under "Other considerations.")
Should be used sparingly as a grade, if at all.
|Near Mint (NM or M-):
nearly perfect record. Many dealers won't give a grade higher than this,
implying (perhaps correctly) that no record is ever truly perfect.
The record should show no obvious signs of wear. A 45 RPM or EP sleeve
should have no more than the most minor defects, such as almost invisible
ring wear or other signs of slight handling.
An LP jacket should have no creases, folds, seam splits or any other
noticeable similar defect. No cut-out holes, either. And of course, the
same should be true of any other inserts, such as posters, lyric sleeves
and the like.
Basically, an LP in Near Mint condition looks as if you just got it home
from a new record store and removed the shrink wrap.
Near Mint is the highest price listed in all Goldmine price guides.
Anything that exceeds this grade, in the opinion of both buyer and seller,
is worth significantly more than the highest Goldmine book value.
|Very Good Plus (VG+):
worth 50 percent of the Near Mint value.
A Very Good Plus record will show some signs that it was played and
otherwise handled by a previous owner who took good care of it.
Record surfaces may show some slight signs of wear and may have slight
scuffs or very light scratches that don't affect one's listening
experience. Slight warps that do not affect the sound are OK.
The label may have some ring wear or discoloration, but it should be
barely noticeable. The center hole will not have been misshapen by
Picture sleeves and LP inner sleeves will have some slight ring wear,
lightly turned-up corners, or a slight seam split. An LP jacket may have
slight signs of wear also and may be marred by a cut-out hole, indentation
or corner indicating it was taken out of print and sold at a discount.
In general, if not for a couple minor things wrong with it, this would be
Near Mint. All but the most mint-crazy collectors will find a Very Good
Plus record highly acceptable.
A synonym used by some collectors and dealers for "Very Good
Plus" is "Excellent."
|Very Good (VG):
worth 25 percent of the Near Mint value.
Many of the defects found in a VG+ record will be more pronounced in a VG
Surface noise will be evident upon playing, especially in soft passages
and during a song's intro and fade, but will not overpower the music
otherwise. Groove wear will start to be noticeable, as will light
scratches (deep enough to feel with a fingernail) that will affect the
Labels may be marred by writing, or have tape or stickers (or their
residue) attached. The same will be true of picture sleeves or LP covers.
However, it will not have all of these problems at the same time, only two
or three of them.
|Good (G), Good Plus
worth 10-15 percent of the Near Mint value.
Good does not mean Bad! A record in Good or Good Plus condition can be put
onto a turntable and will play through without skipping. But it will have
significant surface noise and scratches and visible groove wear (on a
styrene record, the groove will be starting to turn white).
A jacket or sleeve will have seam splits, especially at the bottom or on
the spine. Tape, writing, ring wear or other defects will start to
overwhelm the object.
If it's a common item, you'll probably find another copy in better shape
eventually. Pass it up. But if it's something you have been seeking for
years, and the price is right, get it... but keep looking to upgrade.
|Poor (P), Fair
worth 0-5 percent of the Near Mint price.
The record is cracked, badly warped, and won't play through without
skipping or repeating. The picture sleeve is water damaged, split on all
three seams and heavily marred by wear and writing. The LP jacket barely
keeps the LP inside it. Inner sleeves are fully seam split, crinkled, and
Except for impossibly rare records otherwise unattainable, records in this
condition should be bought or sold for no more than a few cents each.
Other grading considerations. Most dealers give a separate grade to the
record and its sleeve or cover. In an ad, a record's grade is listed
first, followed by that of the sleeve or jacket.
|Still Sealed (SS):
Still Sealed (SS) records, let the buyer beware, unless it's a U.S.
pressing from the last 10-15 years or so. It's too easy to re-seal one.
Yes, some legitimately never-opened LPs from the 1960s still exist. But if
you're looking for a specific pressing, the only way you can know for sure
is to open the record. Also, European imports are not factory-sealed, so
if you see them advertised as sealed, someone other than the manufacturer